Resource Catergoriesgoto www.racha.org.kh
 
  • Accute resperitory infections
  • Ante natal care for pregnant women
  • Birth spacing and limiting
  • Capacity building
  • Child Health
  • Child Health and Breastfeeding
  • Condoms pills and injectables
  • Control of diarrehal disease
  • Dengue Fever
  • Drug management
  • Education prevention and care
  • General statistics and lessons learned
  • Health facilities and health reform
  • Health policy issues
  • HIV/AIDS prevention
  • IEC BCC marketing concepts materials
  • IMCI
  • Immunization and child health
  • Improvement for capacity building
  • Informational and educational
  • Institutional development
  • IUDs and Norplan
  • Logistics Management
  • Malaria
  • Male and female sterilization
  • NRP Program
  • Nutrition and child health
  • Poorest Cambodians
  • Quality improvement
  • Safe Motherhood
  • Saving For Change
  • TB Malaria Dengue
  • Tetanus related to child health
  • The private sector
  • WATER AND SANITATION
  •  
     
    Child Health
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Sep 93 Intl. Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics International Journal of Gynocology & Obstetrics: Breastfeeding as a Womens Issue Research about the effects of breastfeeding on maternal health has concentrated primarily on breast cancer, bone loss, and maternal depletion. Breastfeeding may provide some protection against breast cancer, Adequate maternal nutrition, a prolonged period of weaning, and adequate child spacing are expected to alleviate any potential bone loss or maternal depletion caused by breastfeeding. Regardless of no, an, chooses to weigh the relative benefits and risks of breastfeeding to the mother, it seems clear that the programmatic tasks are to see that breastfeeding women are adequately fed and enabled to so... GOBreastfeeding.pdf
    01 Aug 00 Dr. Chheng Phalkun Neonatal Tetanus Reduction Program Cambodia is the highest incidence of NNT in the western Pacific Region. Depend on WHO, the objective is reduce the death rate to 1 case per 1000 lives, in wich cambodia rate is 18 cases per 1000 lives. With the recomment stratergy we have test in Ankor Chey and Chhouk Operational Districts, Kampot Province. Neonatal_Tetanus_Reduction_Program_.pdf
    01 Mar 99 CARE International - Sophia Spechmann Jivit Thmey Evaluation Survey The Jivit Thmey final evaluation survey was conducted between November 1998 and January 1999. The main objective of this evaluation survey was to assess if the project had achieved the expected impact and effects set for July 1998 (i.e. three years after the project was initiated). A total of 864 households in 72 sample villages were selected from the Jivit Thmey project area, and interviews conducted with 695 currently married women aged 15 to 44. The study also obtained information about the immunization status and prevalence of diseases for children under five years old (698 children). The most important findings of the evaluation survey can be found in this report. JivitThmey.pdf
    01 Jun 99 RACHA Health Facilities Survey - 1998 To assess whether the local health facilities had sufficient financial and human resources for improving and widening the access to quality maternal and child health.
    HealthFacSur98.pdf
    01 Oct 99 Partners for Development (PfD) Northeast Cambodia Child Survival Program - Annual Report Annual Report of Partnership for Development (PfD)Child Survival program in the northeastern provinces of Cambodia. NEChildSurvival.pdf
    01 Jun 00 Jacobs B & Parco K Antenatal health seeking behaviour, utilization of public health services and perception of their services by women with siblings younger then 5 years in Maung Russay Operational District This study aimed at eliciting mothers with children younger than five years on their utilisation of health centres of Maung Russay Operational District, their perceptions and knowledge of the health centres' services, and their antenatal health seeking behaviour. The findings of this study will be used to facilitate the development of strategies required to improve maternal and child health care of the district -mainly by the public health sector. antenatal_HSB_Moung_Russey.pdf
    01 May 00 RACHA The Pathway to Child Health: Siem Reap, Pursat, Stung Treng, and Kampot Provinces, Cambodia The Pathway Study makes an important contribution to the accumulation of research data on infant, under five, and perinatal mortality in Cambodia and to the development of a better understanding of what caretakers do when children become ill. A surveillance system recorded, for one year, all births and deaths between the sixth month of pregnancy through the 59th month of age. This covered a total population of 10,000 women of reproductive age (15 - 49 years) in 40 villages in four provinces – Kampot, Pursat, Siem Reap and Stung Treng. PathwayChildHealth.pdf
    01 Mar 87 Katrina Galway,
    Brent wolff,
    Richard Sturgis
    Child Survival: Risks and the Road to Reproductive Health Comrehensive report focussing on child health and the factors affecting child health.

    CSapx.pdf

    CSpart1.pdf

    01 Dec 98 J. Moore Technical Officer - BASICS Preparation of Strategy and Technical Content of Essential Obstetric and Neonatal Components for Piloting a Community Program Preparation of Strategy and Technical Content of Essential Obstetric and Neonatal Components for Pilot Community Program ObstetricNeonatal.doc
    01 Jan 98 Dr. D. Shivpuri
    Associate Professor of Pediatric Medicine, S.M.S. Medical College & Sir Padampat Mother & Child Health Institute, Jaipur
    Management Of Acute Respiratory Infections In Children This is a practical aproach for the prevention and management of children infected by ARIs (Acute Respiratory Infections). This is an easy, inexpensive method. management.pdf
    10 May 99 Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival Innovative Approaches To Child Survival Private voluntary organizations (PVOs) have played a key role in the international child survival movement since its inception, working in remote and impoverished communities to bring about real change. The BASICS project helped four PVOs identify, evaluate, and document some of their most innovative approaches. Included here are summary evaluations of La Leche League's mother-to-mother support project to promote breastfeeding and nurture of young children in Guatemala City; Project HOPE's collaborative effort with corporations employing agricultural workers to extend primary health care to them and their families in Malawi; the highly effective, low-cost peer-to-peer training program for immunizers conducted by Project Concern in Indonesia; and the World Relief Corporation's highly motivated and well-trained network of community women volunteers who help link rural households in Haiti to a district hospital through a community nutrition program.
    innovativeapproaches.pdf
    01 Jan 97 Kathleen M. Kurz, Ph.D., Nutritionist, and Charlotte Johnson-Welch, M.S.,
    Public Health Specialist, International Center for Research on Women
    An Opportunity for Child Survival Intervention Increasing attention in the developing world has been devoted to the girl-child. There is a scarcity of information on gender differences among children under the age of 5. It is important to focus on possible gender bias among young children so that child survival interventions benefit girls as much as they do boys. A literature review was conducted that found: few studies disaggregated health and nutrition data of underfives by gender; gender-disaggregated data give a mixed report on the direction of gender bias; few insights explaining gender differences emerged from a review of the health and nutrition literature; a common way in which gender bias manifests is that girls tend not to be taken for health care as often or as early in their illness as boys; girls may receive less attention from parents; first-born girls may be healthier than their younger sisters; increasing household income and increasing mothers' education are not sufficient to reduce gender disparities; and interventions can be designed and implemented to overcome gender biases. The authors conclude that child survival efforts are well placed to help reduce gender differences in the health and nutrition of underfives as follows: By determining if there are gender-biased behaviors or gender-differential outcomes; by investigating why the gender differences occur; by developing and testing interventions to reduce gender differences; and by sharing lessons learned and developing a consensus about reducing gender differences.

    front.pdf

    middle.pdf

    01 May 99 Partners for Development (PfD) Northeast Cambodia Child Survival Program Baseline Survey Knowledge, Practice and Coverage (KPC) A Knowledge, Practice, and Coverage (KPC) survey was conducted by NCCSP in the Chhlong Operational District of Kratie province, Cambodia, from May 24-31, 1999. The purpose of the survey was to obtain information on the knowledge and practices of mothers of children less than two years old related to breastfeeding/nutrition, diarrheal disease, respiratory illness, and maternal care. The survey also assessed the level of immunization and vitamin A coverage of children less than two in the project area. Information from this survey serves as a baseline for NCCSP. It will be used to refine current project plans and as background information for the development of a Detailed Implementation Plan.

    CHH-011.pdf

    APPENDIX_C.pdf

    03 Jul 92 Organized by Helen Keller International
    Sponsored by the Charles A. Dana Foundation
    Chaired by Professor Abraham Horwitz
    Convened by Professor Alfred Sommer
    Keith P. West Jr., Dr.P.H
    Bellagio Meeting On Vitamin A Deficiency Sl Childhood In light of recent calls by the "World Summit for Children "3 and the "Bellagio Declaration 114 for worldwide control or elimination of vitamin A deficiency and the recent spate of published scientific data, a meeting of concerned scientists, health officials, and policy makers was convened on February 3-7, 1992, at the Rockefeller Study and Conference Center in Bellagio, Italy. The purpose was to examine the role of vitamin A status on the health of children in developing countries; to reach clear and appropriate conclusions where warranted; and to consider policy implications arising from these conclusions that might guide program managers and decision makers. BMVA.pdf
    01 May 99 Royal Tropical Institute (KIT), Health Department.Amsterdam, The Netherlands Appropriate Intervention for the Reduction of Maternal Morbidity and Mortality in Svey Rieng Province, Cambodia This thesis discuses the main factors that influence maternal health in Cambodia, the mains causes of maternal mortality, the reasons for under reporting, and how the key components of maternal health services have been introduced to improve maternal morbidity and to reduce maternal mortality. Kit.pdf
    01 Jan 00 Dr. Philippe Longfils
    IFSP - Health Advisor
    IFSP - Health Component School Programme Activities Report and School Anthropometric In April 1999, IFSP started a School Health Programme in 10 schools belonging to the catchment's area of two HC: Dang Tung (DT) and Trapeang Reang (TR) in Chhuk operational district. Each school session started with health education information.
    4,527 children have been seen during the first round of school activity in the second quater of 1999. This represents 82.4% coverage of registered pupils (see details page 10). All pupils have been treated with one dose of Vitamin A and 500 mg of Mebendazole. All students, from grade 1 to grade 6, passed through a quick medical screening. 471 pupils (10-4%) were affected with angular gingivitis, sign-of vitamin B2- deficiency and have been treated With Vitamin B complex. Bad hygiene, scabies and other skin diseases were the other main problem seen.

    In December 1999, 4088 pupils of 9 schools, have been seen during-the second round of school activity. Problems seen are similar to those found during the first round. In June 2000, a third round of activity, 4,465 pupils screened. In December 2000, a fourth round of activity, with extension to the 9 schools of Champey Health Center.

    A total of 8,998 pupils are screened in the 18 schools, and they are now supported by our programme.
    NU-014.pdf
    20 Feb 01 KELEN KELLER INTERNATIONAL
    CAMBODIA
    Initial Finding From 2000 Cambodia National Micronutrient Survey Micronutrient malnutrition is increasingly being recognized as one of the main nutritional problems in the world because it affects more than 3 billion people and has serious, long-lasting consequences. It can increase morbidity and mortality among children and women of reproductive age, retard child growth and cognitive development, and reduce work productivity. The immediate causes of micronutrient deficiencies are inadequate intake of micronutrient-rich foods and severe and repeated illness. Underlying causes include poverty, general malnutrition, inadequate access to micronutrient-rich foods, less than optimal child care practices and limited access to health care services. Nut-013.pdf
    01 Jan 00 Ministry Of Health Integrated Management of Childhood Illness The health status of Cambodia's children is one of the worst in the world with more than one out of nine children dying before their fifth birthday1. The direct effects of a high disease burden and widespread malnutrition, the indirect effects of poor maternal health, limited availability of basic health services and poor household health knowledge result -in almost 40,000 under-five child deaths each year.

    The main direct causes of child illness and death are diarrhoea! diseases, acute respiratory
    infections and vaccine preventable diseases, particularly measles, which are together estimated to be responsible for over half of all child deaths. Severe malnutrition compounds the effects of these illnesses and results in the heavy death toll.

    The World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, the World Bank and numerous other agencies have responded to the challenge by developing the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy.
    IMC-004F.pdf
    01 Jan 00 Partnership for Development (PfD)-Northeast Cambodiacommunity
    Development Program (NCCDP)
    Lesson on Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDDs) for Community Members To familiarize villagers with iodine deficiency disorders and explain why iodine dispensers will be placed in the wells. NU-024.pdf
    08 Feb 99 HELEN KELLER Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Salt Consumers This study on knowledge, attitudes and practices of salt consumers was conducted in collaboration with the Ministries of Planning, Health, Rural Development, Information,and Industry, Mines and Energy. The overall purpose of the study was to ascertain and describe consumers' current knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding IDD andiodized salt use. The information will be used to guide the preparation of this pilot-implementation, monitoring and evaluation, and education. The study was conducted between July 12-15, 1998. NU-011.pdf
    01 Dec 00 John Stoeckel
    Health and Population Consultant
    Bangkok, Thailand
    A Documentation and Assessment of the Reproductive and Child Health Alliance (RACHA) The objective of this report is to provide RACHA and USAID with documentation and assessment of how well the initial expectations of USAID are being met, and most important, how well RACHA appears to be contributing to USAID's current results framework. Documentation_and_Assessment_by_Dr.pdf
    Jan 2003 HKI/Rotary Intl./MOH/USAID HKI Home Care for a Sick Child leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer showing ways to give care at home for a sick child, especially breastfeeding, rehydration, and feeding. HKI_Home_Care_for_Sick_Child_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 CNM CNM Dengue leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer about prevention, symptoms, and care seeking for children with Dengue fever. CNM_Dengue_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 RACHA/MOH RACHA Diarrhea Danger Signs leaflet A simple 1-page leaflet showing danger signs of severly ill children and encouraging mothers to seek care at health centers. RACHA_Danger_Signs_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 USAID and Measure DHS Infant, Child and Maternal Mortality - A Seminar Presentation A seminar presentation on infant, child and maternal mortality including:
    - Infant and child mortality levels
    - Differentials
    - Adult and maternal mortality
    InfChildMatmortality.ppt
    Jan 2003 USAID and Measure DHS Maternal and Child Health - A Seminar Presentation A seminar presentation on maternal and child health including:
    - Maternity care
    - Delivery and postnatal care
    - Use of tobacco and betel nuts
    - Childhood vaccinations
    - Treatment of childhood illnesses
    maternal___child_health.ppt
    12 Jul 02 Health Messenger Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) - (Health Messenger, Issue 12, July 2002) IMCI focuses on the well being of the child as a whole, it does not deal only with one disease. IMCI both prevents and cures disease. It brings together all that can be done to improve children's health in a practical and efficient way. IMCI is a strategy for children under 5 years of age that aims to:
    · Reduce death, illness and disability;
    · Promote improved growth and development.
    Issue_12.pdf
    28 Feb 03 CARE Guide to Keeping Children Healthy: Smart Parents Save Time and Money by Keeping Children Healthy Designed in 2003 by CARE Cambodia's Child Survival Pilot Project in Pursat Province, this illustrated guide is for teaching Village Drug Sellers, mothers with children under 5, and formal care providers. Technical concepts include C/IMCI and consumer education on appropriate use of drugs and antibiotics.

    CARE_Child_Survival_Pictobook_-_Khmer.pdf

    CARE_Child_Survival_Pictobook_-_English.pdf

    30 Apr 03 Bart Jacobs
    Jenny booth
    Effects of provision of hygiene kits, peer counselling and health education on recovery amongst acutely malnourished children in areas where acute malnutrition is not due to food insecurity, interventions other than food supplement –at least for moderately wasted children- should be considered. The provision of kits that stimulate appropriate feeding and hygiene practices and management of diarrhoea, in tandem with health education to caretakers of malnourished children, appears to considerably influence health behaviour. Financial savings –both direct and indirect- due to improved nutritional status of the children should be stressed in the education sessions NUT065_Effects_of_hygiene_kit.doc
    10 May 03 Forum NGO Helth and HIV/AIDs Chapter Cambodia's health status is among the poorest in the region, as Table 13.1 shows. The public health system has suffered from war and chronic underfunding and is having serious difficulties in meeting the health needs of the population. A heavy burden of communicable diseases results in high mortality rates among children and adults. Progress has been made in seeking to revitalize the health system and to break the vicious cycle of ill health, debt, and poverty that economically cripples Cambodian families and retards the country's development. However, considerable further effort is needed to improve access to health services of improved quality. To this end, the Ministry of Health (MOH) is formulating a sector master plan linking health sector reform with the broader fiscal and administrative reforms presented POR-026_SEDP2_Health_section.doc
    30 Sep 02 World Relief Corporation
    in cooperation
    with the Ministry of Health
    CAMBODIA
    LIGHT FOR LIFE_ World Relief Corporation experienced tremendous success through the formation of Care Groups in the Vurhonga ("Dawn") Child Survival program in Mozambique so they decided to use the same model in the Light for Life Child Survival program in Cambodia. CHH-030.doc
    30 Jun 03 Jenny Booth, June 2003 CHP-025Community participation working paper final Collaborating with pagodas and mosques in
    Kirivong Operational District
    CHP-025Community_participation_working_paper_final.doc
    11 Aug 03 Unknown COVERAGE IMPROVEMENT PLANNING (CIP) - REASONS FOR LOW VACCINATION COVERAGE
    - EXTRA ACTIVITIES PLANNED TO INCREASE COVERAGE
    CIP.PPT
    13 Dec 05 Racha RACHA brochure Racha brochure Brochure.pdf
    01 Apr 06 Steve Fabricant
    Health Economist
    WHO/Cambodia consultant
    Millennium Development Goals and Poverty Reduction Strategy:Estimating Costs of Increased Utilization of Health Services by the Poor in Cambodia This study projected costs of scaling up government health services to achieve improved health status of the poor and undeserved segments of the Cambodia population.

    Three main types of interventions were explored: two alternative interventions for improving the quality of health services, three interventions that improve access to services by the poor, and twelve that target health problems that burden the poor relatively more.

    Total and marginal unit costs per capita were estimated by reviewing existing studies of interventions in Cambodia and in other countries with similar health and socioeconomic environments. Where it was relevant, previous efforts to cost interventions and programs were reviewed in detail and some data extrapolated from these.
    MDG_cost_study_final.rtf