Resource Catergoriesgoto
  • Accute resperitory infections
  • Ante natal care for pregnant women
  • Birth spacing and limiting
  • Capacity building
  • Child Health
  • Child Health and Breastfeeding
  • Condoms pills and injectables
  • Control of diarrehal disease
  • Dengue Fever
  • Drug management
  • Education prevention and care
  • General statistics and lessons learned
  • Health facilities and health reform
  • Health policy issues
  • HIV/AIDS prevention
  • IEC BCC marketing concepts materials
  • IMCI
  • Immunization and child health
  • Improvement for capacity building
  • Informational and educational
  • Institutional development
  • IUDs and Norplan
  • Logistics Management
  • Malaria
  • Male and female sterilization
  • NRP Program
  • Nutrition and child health
  • Poorest Cambodians
  • Quality improvement
  • Safe Motherhood
  • Saving For Change
  • TB Malaria Dengue
  • Tetanus related to child health
  • The private sector
    Education prevention and care
    01 Mar 99 Population Service International (PSI)/Cambodia Community Co-Management and Co-Financing in Health Centers Situation analysis of current health sector financing, and operational guidelines for pilot areas for co-management/financing projects in Cambodia
    01 Dec 98 M Chommie/ PSI and FHI Condom Distribution Survey Condom Distribution Survey
    01 Dec 98 M Chommie/PSI and FHI Commercial Sex Establishment Census Commercial Sex Establishment Census
    09 Jul 01 Heng Sopheab, Mun Phalkun,
    Hor Bun Leng, Seng Sut Wantha
    National Center for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STDs
    Ministry of Health, Cambodia
    Pamina M. Gorbach
    FHI Consultant/University of California, Los Angeles
    Cambodian Household Male Survey (July 2001) The BSS IV was conducted in urban centers and rural areas in each of Cambodia's five major provinces: Phnom Penh, Battambang, Siem Reap, Sihanoukville, and Kampong Cham. It includes a comparison of an overall measure of sexual risk with a distribution of risk behavior in the Cambodian male population. CambodiaHouseholdMaleSurvey2001.pdf
    01 Dec 02 UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research,
    Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP)
    HIV/AIDS makes dual protection a must Most heterosexual individuals who have sexual intercourse desire to protect themselves from unwanted pregnancy most of the time. Virtually all individu-als all of the time wish to avoid infec-tions that can be sexually transmitted, particularly of the most deadly and increasingly prevalent variety, the HIV infection. It is not surprising therefore that people have started to ask: can both objectives be achieved simultane-ously? ... dualmethod.pdf
    20 Jun 97 UNICEF Workshop on HIV/AIDS Counselling and Community Based Care UNICEF-Phnom Penh A workshop report on HIV/AIDS counselling and community based care. AP-012F.pdf
    28 Feb 97 KHUON PICHITH. MC, HAK CHAN ROEUN. MD,MCTM OUNG CHAKRAVUTH. MD CHIV SADY. MD, PAL BUNNA.MD NAMNYVANNY MD OUK VARA. MD MARTIN P. REGIS. MD, BONDERENKO NATALIA. :SID. P. SOUTEYRAND. Prof Aspect of Epidemiological And Clinical Manifestation of Adult HIV+/AIDS Patients at Calmette Hospital in Cambodia This is a descriptive study of the HIV+/AIDS patients at Calmette Hospital in Phnom-Penh city of Cambodia during 10, November,1994 to 20, Feb,1997. The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristic of HIV+/AIDS patients, the common clinical manifestations and to determine the frequency of opportunistic infections usually infected in adult HIV+/AIDS patients. HAG-033F.pdf
    01 Apr 96 MEDEClNS SANS FRONTIERES MSF and AIDS Policy Paper This paper described MSF and its partners intentions in establishing, as clearly as possible, a general policy on AIDS, common to all MSF sections. Basically, it aims to define a general framework for our interventions. It is recant particularly for the people in the field, and should be practical enough to say what has to he done and what should be avoided. MSF works in different types of situations with different opportunities or limitations in actions. Therefore this policy document will outline the possibilities of action within MSF projects mid also define a minimal response required in all situations. This paper, hence this policy, will obviously evolve and will be adapted to include progress made in the various fields of AIDS control, and reelect our own expertise, experiences and possibilities. HAP-00F.pdf
    07 Nov 97 Dr Bernard Fabre-Teste
    Chef du Projet FA C MST/SIDA de la Coopération
    Réunion des acteurs francophones dans le domaine de la santé au Cambodge Statistical Report HAG-032F.pdf
    01 Jun 00 Internation Health Alliance
    and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
    An Evaluation of the MoH-NGO Home Care Programme for People with HIV-AIDS in Cambodia This evaluation provides a report on an impact of HIV/AIDS home care programme at different levels in Cambodia. HAC-005.pdf
    01 Apr 97 International HIV/AIDS Alliance
    and an observer's account by Alan Greig, Associate Consultant
    "Local NGOs Responding to AIDS": Issues emerging from a strategic planning workshop Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 25-27 March 1997 "Local NGOs responding to AIDS: a strategic planning workshop", represented the start of a second 'phase' of Alliance activities. It brought together representatives from 23 local NGOs with staff from government and international organizations to begin a process of identifying appropriate roles for local NGOs in an effective national response to HIV and AIDS, as well as the needs of the local NGO sector in fulfilling these roles. The workshop also aimed to assess if and how such needs might be met by a local NGO HIV/AIDS Support Programme which would serve as a local source of technical and financial support to a variety of community groups poised to respond to the epidemic. The main outcomes of this workshop, as well as issues which were raised, are summarized in this report, from the perspective of the International HIV/AIDS Alliance. HAG-068.pdf
    14 Oct 99 Dr. WIWAT ROJANARITHYAKORN National Policy on 100% Condom Use in the Kingdom of Cambodia The Government of Cambodia realizes that HIV/AIDS is an urgent priority because this disease is causing an increasing public health, economic and social problem for the whole country. The main route of transmission of HIV/AIDS is occuring through sexual intercourse between men and women. Men play the bridging role by infecting their wives, babies and other partners where they get from HIV infected women. Since HIV/AIDS has transmitted in an alarming rate, the main strategy to response to the epidemic is to prevent people from getting infected because so far there is no cure for this disease. The 100% condom use is promulgated as a national policy and shall be applied in all brothels and sex establishment to ensure the safety of sex services. HAP-033.pdf
    01 Nov 99 MINISTRY OF WOMEN'S AND VETERANS' AFFAIRS The National Policy for Women: The Girl Child and HIV/AIDS Cambodia Cambodia is in the process of recovery from decades of war. As HIV/AIDS spreads it will have devastating social and economic impact on the development of the country. The Ministry of Women's and Veterans' Affairs recognizes the implications of the epidemic and therefore endeavors to contribute to an increased sharing of responsibility..... HAG-057.pdf
    30 Aug 96 UNICEF Cambodia HIV/AIDS Project HIV/AIDS in Cambodia - A UNICEF Project Report A report on UNICEF Cambodia HIV/AIDS Project from June 1996 - August 1996. HAP-020F.pdf
    01 Nov 00 Ministry of Health Ministry of Health: Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS and STI Prevention and Care in Cambodia 2001-2005 Under this Strategic Plan, the National Centre for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STDs (NCHADS) developed a series of specific Policies (eg for Testing, for STDs, for Blood Safety, etc.), Strategies (eg. for Surveillance, for AIDS Care, for Outreach, etc), Guidelines for the Introduction and Implementation of various programmes and interventions (eg. I00% Condom Use, Home-based Care), and Training packages (eg. Syndromic Management of STDs, Strengthening Provincial HIV/AIDS Programmes, etc). These have all been used to establish activities and programmes both at Central and Provincial level. MHSP-01-05.pdf
    01 May 01 the UN Country Team (UNCT) supporting the national response to the HIV epidemic in Cambodia Common Strategy HIV/AIDS 2001 - 2005 - A UN Integrated Workplan on HIV/AIDS This UN Common Strategy, through its annual operationalization in the form of the UN Integrated Workplan on HIV/AIDS, supports that ongoing process and its future directions. Through the Common Strategy development process and this resulting document it is hoped to
    achieve a greater synergistic and holistic UN response. This enhanced response will ensure better support to national efforts working toward a further reduction in HIV infections and a minimization of the impact of AIDS on tine Cambodian society.
    04 Mar 99 Michael Chommie, Consultant
    Condom Distribution - HIV Prevention Survey of Phnom Penh, Kampong Cham, and Kandal Province 1998 The purpose of this survey was to determine the availability of both PSI's "Number One" brand of condoms and other condoms, and STI drugs in various commercial outlets in the urban centers of the following provinces:
    • Phnom Penh (Municipality)
    • Kampong Cham
    • Kandal
    In addition, the survey was designed to collect information on the wholesale and retail prices of condoms, retail prices of STI drugs, age of condom purchasers and the percentage of women buyers.
    01 Sep 99 UNAIDS Country Profile: The HIV/AIDS/STD Situation and the National Response - 2nd Edition 1999 This is a reference document, related to STD/HIV/AIDS in Cambodia, designed to enhance the awareness of partners in the response (Government, International organizations, donors, NGOs) of what others in the response are doing. It does not aim to include all projects and all activities going on in the response to HIV/AIDS. However, by referring the reader to key contacts and key documents he/she should be able to obtain more detailed information relatively easily. HAG-076.pdf
    01 Jan 90 MEDICAM Executive sumary on AIDS in Cambodia The Kingdom of Cambodia has the most serious HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia with many contributing factors which suggest that the epidemic has the potential to cause Cambodia to become one of the worst affected countries in the world. The 1990s in Cambodia have been marked by an alarmingly rapid increase in the overall number of HIV infections and a rapid rise in the national HIV prevalence among several key populations. The first reported cases of HIV infection were in mid 1991 with unreported cases suggested to have begun in the late 1980s. A Comprehensive National Plan was developed in 1993 to guide the national response to the epidemic. HAP-011F.pdf
    01 Jan 00 UNICEF UNDP , UNFPA, UNESCO, WHO With Hope and Help - Manual for People With HIV/AIDS This manual which accompanies the "With Hope and Help" video has been designed to give group leaders ideas and direction to run activities and discussions. The manual addresses misconceptions about people who have HIV and those sick with AIDS. The manual will be used with groups of leaders in society and with communities so that they can gain a true understanding of what it really means to have HIV. This is the sort of understanding that will open the gates of loving kindness and will be followed by the best help and support possible. HAP-013.pdf
    01 Apr 96 Steve Penfold BA (Hons.) HIV/AIDS in Cambodia an Assessment of Prevention and Coordination Despite the danger of a potential HIV/AIDS epidemic, Cambodia opted to procrastinate, believing international isolation would act as a shield, thus postponing the inevitable. As a result, since the first diagnosis of HIV in 1991, the infection rate has accelerated to one of the fastest growing in the world.Three key themes run through the chapters, looking at aspects of coordination. incremental policy-making,and the perception of AIDS as a health issue rather than a social problem. This latter focus has meant that the cost of the AIDS epidemic will be a burden increasingly carried by women, their children and will be borne disproportionately by the poor. One area largely ignored in Cambodia, yet pointed to in many international studies. involves the role of migrant workers. Whilst acknowledging the dangers of identifying "high-risk" groups, the dissertation assesses information on migrant workers and their families, and the impact they may have on the future spread of the virus. Material used within the penultimate chapter draws heavily on research, funded by the Dutch government, designed and implemented by the author during his course placement in Cambodia. HAP-034.pdf
    01 Aug 97 UNICEF,UNDP, UNFPA, UNESCO, WHO, World Bank Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS – 1997 HIV Counselling and Testing This statement summarizes UNAIDS' position on HIV testing and on counselling issues related to HIV testing. It is addressed-to national authorities and is meant to facilitate the development or strengthening of national policies on the subject. HAP_-_013F.pdf
    01 Feb 99 MoH & NGO Join Ministry Of Health and NGO Pilot Project on Nome and Community Care for People of HIV and AIDS The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Cambodia is growing at an alarming rate, estimated in 1998 to have reached 2.8% of the adult population. The current uncertain political and economic situation suggests that factors fuelling the rapid spread will persist into the foreseeable future. The Ministry of Health initiated a plan to control the epidemic in 1991, with their efforts supported by an increasing number of bi-lateral donors, UN Organisations and NGOs. One recent initiative has been the drafting of the National Strategic Plan 1998-2000, which aims to be a 3 year framework for action and coordination of the response to HIV/AIDS. This document identifies AIDS Care as a priority area, and discussion has begun in an attempt to address this. However, it remains as a significant gap in the resource allocations of the major players, both government and non-government. HAC-009.pdf
    18 Dec 97 Alan Greig
    International HIV/AIDS Alliance
    Local ING0s Responding to HIV and AIDS Phnom Penh Cambodia 16-18 December 1997 HAG-066 - Workshop Report This document was the result of many people's commitment and enthusiasm. Thanks go to the members of the Temporary Advisory Working Group who, together with KHANA's program staff, planned and facilitated the workshop.

    Thanks also go to all the representatives of local NGOs who attended the workshop and demonstrated their dedication to a more effective response to HIV and AIDS in Cambodia.
    01 Jun 97 Ministry Of Health ,National AIDS Programme,French Cooperation, European Union, USAID,UNAIDS (UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNESCO, WHO, World Bank)and NGOs National Review of the HIV/AIDS Response in Cambodia, April-June 1997 The Kingdom of Cambodia has the most serious HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia with many contributing factors which suggest that the epidemic has the potential to cause Cambodia to become one of the worst affected countries in the world. The 1990s in Cambodia have been marked by an alarmingly rapid increase in the overall number of HIV infections and a rapid rise in the national HIV prevalence among several key populations. The first reported cases of HIV infection were in mid 1991 with unreported cases suggested to have begun in the late 1980s. A Comprehensive National Plan was developed in 1993 to guide the national response to the epidemic. Many significant achievements have occurred since 1993 which have laid the foundation for an improved national response to the HIV/STD/AIDS epidemic. HAC-011.pdf
    01 Jun 97 Dr Chou Meng Tarr
    University of Phnom Penh Phnom Penh

    Dr Chou Meng Tarr
    Cambodian AIDS Social Research Project
    Young People and HIV in Cambodia - Meanings, Contexts and Sexual Cultures Like many other countries in South East Asia,Cambodia is experiencing a rapidly developing AIDS epidemic. Groups reported as being particularly seriously affected include sex workers and their clients. Young people too may be at heightened risk: some young women find sex work a lucrative option in the context of low wages and poor employment opportunities, and some young men pay for sex either as individually or as part of group socializing. These same young men may subsequently have sex with other partners, thus extending networks of transmission. While there is limited knowledge about the form of such sexual networks, little is known about the meanings that underpin young people's sexual relations and partnerships, sexual identities associated with such meanings, and prevailing socio-sexual cultures. This paper reports on findings from an indepth qualitative study conducted among two groups of young people: one urban, the other rural. Following an initial Rapid Assessment Process, .data was collected via individual interviews, focus group interviews and participant observation. The research team included. young people themselves Data is presented on dominant discourses about sex and sexuality in Cambodia; contemporary patterns of sexual behaviour; sexual meanings and sexual practices sexual relations. HAP-05F.pdf
    01 May 98 Dr Wiwat Rojanapithayakorn
    WHO Consultant
    Preparation of a draft plan for implementing 100% condom use - A WHO Mission Report The current HIV/AIDS epidemic in Cambodia is one of the most serious situations in Asia. Since the detection of the first case of HIV infection in 1991, the disease has spread very rapidly throughout the country, as witnessed by the very high rates of HIV infection observed in many groups of population, even in groups at low risk such as pregnant women.

    The main mode of HIV transmission in Cambodia is heterosexual contact between sex workers and their clients who further spread the disease to housewives and the newborn.

    Although many interventions are implemented to prevent heterosexual transmission of HIV in Cambodia, the rapid spread still continues to increase. The effective control of HIV seems to rely on the prevention of HIV spreading between sex workers and their clients. Thus it is recommended that the policy to promote 100% condom use in sex establishments should be
    considered for implementation in Cambodia. It is feasible to conduct the 100% condom-use project in one province of Cambodia, the results of which can be use for nationwide expansion of the policy.
    01 Dec 00 AMI Health Messenger Magazine - HIV/AIDS Health Messenger Magazine is published by AMI in English and Khmer. Issue 8 was published in December 2000 and offers 58 pages of information on HIV/AIDS. For a copy of this issue, contact Health_Msgr_Magazine_-_HIV-AIDS.pdf
    Jan 2003 USAID and Measure DHS HIV/AIDS and Other STIs - A Seminar Presentation A seminar presentation on HIV/AIDs and other sexually-transmitted infections. HIV_AIDS_STIs.ppt
    01 Nov 02 Dr. Hean Sokhom
    Sou Ketya
    Lath Poch
    Ke Kantha Mealea
    Lim Sidedine
    Ian Ramage
    Health Seeking Behaviour of women in the entertainment sector .....All the women interviewed expressed the need for HIV and STI education and STI services. They preferred a quiet location, not too far from the workplace, so that they could access services quickly without paying too much for transport. Respondents reported that they preferred female educators and health practitioners who were middle-aged, competent and courteous. Based on this assessment, the research team has recommended that specific STI education and treatment services be made available to these women with an emphasis on ease of access, lack of discrimination and confidentiality. EDITISWreport_05-10-02.doc
    04 Feb 03 Medicam Medinews Medicam news Vol_2_Issue_2_0302_(LAST_MINUTE_GF_2nd_Round).doc
    11 Jun 03 MOH Strategic Plan for HIV. HIV/AIDS Cambodia's HIV prevalence rate is the highest in SouthEast Asia, and rising at the highest rate (Table 14.1). As noted in Chapter 4, HIV/AIDS does not simply kill. It affects all social classes, leads to long periods of incapacity, often strikes people in their most productive years, and demands enormous resources from carers. Moreover, HIV increases the likelihood of those infected with TB developing the disease. Given the prevalence of TB (Table 13.1), the HIV/AIDS epidemic will dramatically increase the TB burden. Avoidance of a disastrous epidemic requires swift preventative action. POR-026_SEDP2__HIVAIDS_section.doc
    10 May 03 Not Know PERFORMANCE DURING SEDPI • The Royal Government of Cambodia is committed to the maintenance of peace, security and social stability; to the consolidation and development of democracy and the rule of law; and to the protection of basic human rights, including gender equality and equity. These commitments define the political framework within which the primary development goal of poverty reduction is to be achieved. POR-026_SEDP2_EXECUTIVE_SUMMARY.doc
    30 Mar 04 Mark Anthony White Chief, Office of Public Health Cambodia HIV/AIDS StrategicPlan 2002-2005 The Cambodia HIV/AIDS strategy operates under the Public Health Interim Strategy 2002-2005: Increased Use of High Impact HIV/AIDS and Family Health Services and Appropriate Health Seeking Behaviors (pending approval for extension until 2006). It is in harmony with the Cambodian Ministry of Health's Comprehensive and Multisectoral Response to HIV/AIDS 2001-2005 as well as the Health Sector Strategic Plan 2003-2007 USAID_Cambodia_HIV_strategy_-_final.pdf