Resource Catergoriesgoto www.racha.org.kh
 
  • Accute resperitory infections
  • Ante natal care for pregnant women
  • Birth spacing and limiting
  • Capacity building
  • Child Health
  • Child Health and Breastfeeding
  • Condoms pills and injectables
  • Control of diarrehal disease
  • Dengue Fever
  • Drug management
  • Education prevention and care
  • General statistics and lessons learned
  • Health facilities and health reform
  • Health policy issues
  • HIV/AIDS prevention
  • IEC BCC marketing concepts materials
  • IMCI
  • Immunization and child health
  • Improvement for capacity building
  • Informational and educational
  • Institutional development
  • IUDs and Norplan
  • Logistics Management
  • Malaria
  • Male and female sterilization
  • NRP Program
  • Nutrition and child health
  • Poorest Cambodians
  • Quality improvement
  • Safe Motherhood
  • Saving For Change
  • TB Malaria Dengue
  • Tetanus related to child health
  • The private sector
  • WATER AND SANITATION
  •  
     
    Accute resperitory infections
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    Jan 2003 RACHA/MOH RACHA ARI flip chart A series of 5 flip chart/cards in Khmer containing information about Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) in children. Each card is shown from the front (picture) and back (text). RACHA_ARI_flip_chart.pdf
    Jan 2003 MOH/NCHP/AUSAID AUSAID ARI leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer containing information about signs and treatment of acute respiratory infection in children. AUSAID_ARI_leaflet.pdf
    Ante natal care for pregnant women
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    Jan 2003 MOH MOH Antenatal Care leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer about the importance of antenatal care. Shows the various activities involved in an antenatal care visit. MOH_Antenatal_Care_leaflet.pdf
    01 Oct 02 AMI Health Messenger Magazine - Antenatal Care Health Messenger Magazine is published by AMI in English and Khmer. Issue 13 was published in October 2002 and offers 77 pages of information on antenatal care. For a copy of this issue, contact hmess@bigpond.com.kh. Health_Msgr_Magazine_-_ANC.pdf
    Birth spacing and limiting
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Oct 97 Anneke Westerhof
    Phan Sokhom
    Memisa Kampot
    Experience and Result with Birth Spacing Awarness Activities Training of commune staff in providing contraceptives and counselling is most important to overcome misunderstanding and unfounded beliefs. Main focus is women and men in villages in the rural area.When starting community based activities it is important to set up objectives with the commune staff and the healthcentre committees to do a good follow-up.Community based activities should be a priority in order to bring services as close as possible to the population. BAA.pdf
    01 Jun 01 RACHA IUDs: Increasing Women's Option A Study to Provide the Basis for IUD Promotion This report presents the results of investigating the knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices (KABP) related to IUDs. The study forms part of an activity to develop "Accredited Centres of Excellence" (ACE) in birth spacing services; it forms the basis of a marketing strategy to promote IUDs as a birth spacing option. Research results will be used to identify messages and specific target audiences and to select the most appropriate channels to achieve communication and programme objectives _14_Studies__IUD-_Increasing_Women_Option.pdf
    Jan 2003 RACHA/MOH RACHA Family Planning Leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer containing information about general family planning. RACHA_Family_Planning_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 USAID and Measure DHS Fertility and Its Determinants - A Seminar Presentation A seminar presentation on fertility and its determinants including:
    - Fertility levels, differentials & trends
    - Fertility-related factors
    fertility___determinant.ppt
    Jan 2003 USAID and Measure DHS Family Planning - A Seminar Presentation A powerpoint presentation on family planning including the followings:

    - Knowledge & Attitudes
    - Use of Family Planning
    - Exposure to Family Planning Messages
    family_planning.ppt
    14 Jan 03 Health Messenger Birth Spacing (Health Messenger: Issue 14, January 2003) The birth spacing policy is highly
    placed on the agenda of the Royal
    Government of Cambodia, because
    birth spacing is not only important in
    saving lives but also in improving
    the health of mothers and children.
    Issue_14.pdf
    28 Jul 03 Dr. Chhun Long Dr Chhun Long VSC and National RH program English.ppt Voluntary Surgical Contraception Sterilization Conference Dr_Chhun_Long_VSC_and_National_RH_program_English.ppt
    25 Jul 03 Ky Kien Hong Dr Ky Kien Hong Minilaparotomy Khmer.ppt this article not has the summery Dr_Ky_Kien_Hong_Minilaparotomy_Khmer.ppt
    25 Jul 03 Dr. Hong Dr Hong VSc in RACHA focus provinces English Voluntary Surgical Contraception in Cambodia
    Racha and The Partnership Focus Areas
    Dr_Hong__VSc_in_RACHA_focus_provinces__English.ppt
    25 Jul 03 Dr. Ly Tung NSV presentation Khmer This article not has the summary Dr_Ly_Tung_NSV_presentation_Khmer.ppt
    25 Jul 03 John Pile The Future of Vasectomy in Asia English.ppt The Future of Vasectomy in Asia English John_Pile_The_Future_of_Vasectomy_in_Asia_English.ppt
    25 Jul 03 John Pile Vasectomy clinical findings English.ppt Vasectomy clinical findings John_Pile_Vasectomy_clinical_findings_English.ppt
    25 Jul 03 Svay Rieng Svay Rieng VSC results Feb 02-May 03 Khmer.ppt Svay Rieng VSC results Feb 02-May 03 Svay_Rieng_VSC_results_Feb_02-May_03_Khmer.ppt
    Capacity building
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Aug 99 RACHA A Trailer Study of the Cambodiam Midwives Association Continuing Education Project This is a study of the results of a continuing education project conducted by the CMA from July to October 1998. The results of this study include the retention of knowledge by the midwife trainees about the topics covered by the Continue Education Program; The extent to which the CEP skills have been used by the trainees in their government jobs and private practices; and the constrains confronted by midwives that limit more extensive use of these skills.
    CMATra.pdf
    01 Oct 00 Barbara Main Perceptions of Health Volunteers Throughtout Cambodia Very little has been documented about the role and effectiveness of health
    volunteers in Cambodia, with only limited local research having been completed. In Cambodia volunteer programs have been implemented with support from international organizations since 1992. Debate exists concerning the effectiveness of health volunteer programs, despite the continuing use of this method for involving communities in health education.

    The purpose of this project is to determine the perceptions held about
    community-based health volunteers, assist the national bodies that run these programs to critically analyse current VHV activities and suggest recommendations for future work with VHVs in a sustainable manner.
    electronic.pdf
    electronic_kh.pdf
    01 Jul 99 RACHA Training, Employment and Activity Level of Cambodia Midwife Association (CMA) Members To assess the basic need of Cambodian Midwives Association (CMA) members as an initial step of a process in strengthening CMA's capacity to be an effective organization that provides leadership and support to its members. TrainEmployCMAMembers.pdf
    01 Jan 99 Helen Keller International/Cambodia Nutrition Reference Manual: For Nutrition Educators This training manual is a complete package of basic nutrition education. Section one covers the contents of basic nutrition and section two includes detailed lesson plans on how to teach each of the topics. The main purpose of this training manual is to serve as a reference for nutrition educators; it should be used primarily as a guide for trainers and adapted to fit specific program needs. Nut-045.pdf
    01 Apr 01 The Reproductive and Child Health Alliance and the Essential Drugs Bureau of the ministry of Health Logistics management Manual for Operational District Pharmacists A comprehensive teaching tool for Operational district pharmacists to manage the Operational District pharmacy inventory and a guide to conduct quality field supervision OD_Manual_Preface_(English).doc
    OD_Table_contents_on_05March_2001.doc
    30 Jan 02 Save the Children France(Bart Jacobs) Assessment of the operational capability of Kirivong Operational District's Health Centre Management and Feedback Committees Kirivong Operational District's 20 health centres have Health Centre Management and Feedback Committees comprised of volunteers associated with its 91 pagodas and 5 mosques HSR-126.doc
    28 Feb 02 Dave Palmer Cambodia Health Sector Boosting Program . This Project focused on strengthening the National Centre for Health Promotion in Phnom Penh and on supporting the implementation of an integrated primary health care approach in parts of Kampong Cham province HSR-135.doc
    01 07 04 Bart Jacobs, Enfants et Developpement, PO Box 882, Phnom Penh, Cambodia (email kirivongbhsp@bigpond.com.kh)

    Neil Price, Centre for Development Studies, University of Wales Swansea, SA2 8PP, UK (email n.l.price@swansea.ac.uk)
    Community Participation in Externally-Funded Health This article provides lessons learned on establishing effective community participation in two externally-funded, NGO-implemented, health projects working at district level in Cambodia. The first project was implemented in accordance with the Cambodian national guidelines on community participation. The second - using lessons and experiences gained as a result of the first project – worked with Buddhist pagoda volunteers. Primary research was conducted in both settings to assess the effectiveness of the two participation strategies. The article concludes that the success of community participation in externally-funded health projects with relatively short implementation timeframes, requires engagement with existing community-based organisations and agencies. In Cambodia, where Theravada Buddhism is the dominant religion, pagodas and associated volunteers appear to represent such an organisation. Community participation structured around pagoda volunteers – who are held in high esteem within their local communities – is more effective and sustainable than newly (and externally) established community structures with formally-elected representatives. Pagodas and associated volunteers in rural Cambodia offer the advantages of effective leadership, local organisation, resource mobilisation and management. It is recommended that programmes and agencies wishing to adopt community participation strategies in health utilise participatory research to identify the most appropriate local organisation to lead such initiatives CHP__Community_participation_in_Externally_funded_health_projects.doc
    13 Aug 03 Medicam SUPPLEMENTARY IMMUNIZATION ACTIVITIES 2004 IMMUNIZATION ACTIVITIES 2OO4-SIA.PPT
    01 May 07 Juliet Cadungog-Uy and RACHA Team Abstract of CBHI assessment The Reproductive and Child Health Alliance (RACHA), in response to the national guidelines to implement Community-Based Health Insurance (CBHI) in Cambodia, piloted a social health insurance project in Pursat Province with the aim of working towards poverty alleviation through reducing out-of-pocket health expenditures and improving access to quality health services. CBHI_ABSTRACT.pdf
    11 Mar 08 RACHA Promising Upshot of CBHI Project in Pursat In response to the national guidelines of the MoH to implement Community-Based Health Insurance in Cambodia which is one of the key components of the Health Financing Strategy of the government, the Reproductive and Child Health Alliance (RACHA), an NGO primarily funded by USAID, launched its Community-Based Health Insurance (CBHI) pilot project in Tasah, Pursat Province in August 2006. The assessment conducted six months after its implementation showed some positive results. The project in its tender phase has sprouted some promising impression. Actual records from the HC disclosed that adult CBHI members constitute 20% of the total clients served by Tasas HC in terms of OPD consultations and check-up. Children with CBHI coverage comprise 15% of the total pediatric OPD consultation. Promising_Upshop_CBHI_Project_in_Pursat-RACHA.pdf
    Child Health and Breastfeeding
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Jun 00 RACHA Nuns by the Truckload - English language Text and photo report of RACHA health promotion initiative of Buddhist nun mobilized to disseminate correct breastfeeding information in Pursat town, Camdodia. NunTruckENG.pdf
    Jan 2003 HKI/MOH/WFP/USAID HKI Infant Breastfeeding leaflet A 6-page leaflet in Khmer communicating the importance of breastfeeding infants. HKI_Breastfeeding_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 RACHA/MOH RACHA Exclusive Breastfeeding leaflet A simple 2-sided leaflet containing information about the importance of exclusive breastfeeding. RACHA_Exclusive_Breastfeeding_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 HKI/Rotary Intl./MOH/USAID HKI Nutrition leaflet A 4-panel leaflet in Khmer which identifies food groups and contains information about infant and young child feeding (ages 0 to 5 years). HKI_Nutrition_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 RACHA/MOH RACHA CDD flip chart Five front-and-back flip charts/cards in Khmer containing information about treatment and danger signs of diarrheal disease. RACHA_CDD_flip_chart.pdf
    Jan 2003 RACHA/MOH RACHA Breastfeeding flip chart A series of 5 front-and-back flip charts/cards containing information about immediate breastfeeding, exclusive breastfeeding, and starting complimentary feeding. RACHA_Breastfeeding_flip_chart.pdf
    Jan 2003 HKI/MOH/WFP/USAID HKI Breastfeeding leaflet #2 A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer showing the importance of breastfeeding for mother and child, and proper breastfeeding technique. HKI_Breastfeeding_leaflet2.pdf
    30 Sep 03 Evaluation Consultant: Donna Sillan, MPH LIGHT FOR LIFE The Light for Life Child Survival Program is a collaborative partnership between World Relief Corporation and the Ministry of Health of Cambodia, and communities of the five communes (the northern section) of Ponhea Kriek District in Kompong Cham Province. It is located about 5 hours drive north and east of Phnom Penh, on the Ho Chi Minh trail, close to the border of Vietnam. The project location is primarily rural with several small urban and peri-urban areas. Total population in the project area of 84 villages is 74,873 (1998 census). The majority of the people are ethnic Khmer and Buddhist, while 20% are ethnic Cham (Muslim) minority. Female literacy in the 84 project villages is 26% compared to the national average of 55%. There are approximately 33,700 beneficiaries: 14,600 children under 6 and 18,700 women of reproductive age. Reproductive-aged women constitute about 25% of the population, and children under 6 represent 19.5%. (0-4 year olds are 13.4% of population). CHH-030.doc
    Child Health
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Sep 93 Intl. Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics International Journal of Gynocology & Obstetrics: Breastfeeding as a Womens Issue Research about the effects of breastfeeding on maternal health has concentrated primarily on breast cancer, bone loss, and maternal depletion. Breastfeeding may provide some protection against breast cancer, Adequate maternal nutrition, a prolonged period of weaning, and adequate child spacing are expected to alleviate any potential bone loss or maternal depletion caused by breastfeeding. Regardless of no, an, chooses to weigh the relative benefits and risks of breastfeeding to the mother, it seems clear that the programmatic tasks are to see that breastfeeding women are adequately fed and enabled to so... GOBreastfeeding.pdf
    01 Aug 00 Dr. Chheng Phalkun Neonatal Tetanus Reduction Program Cambodia is the highest incidence of NNT in the western Pacific Region. Depend on WHO, the objective is reduce the death rate to 1 case per 1000 lives, in wich cambodia rate is 18 cases per 1000 lives. With the recomment stratergy we have test in Ankor Chey and Chhouk Operational Districts, Kampot Province. Neonatal_Tetanus_Reduction_Program_.pdf
    01 Mar 99 CARE International - Sophia Spechmann Jivit Thmey Evaluation Survey The Jivit Thmey final evaluation survey was conducted between November 1998 and January 1999. The main objective of this evaluation survey was to assess if the project had achieved the expected impact and effects set for July 1998 (i.e. three years after the project was initiated). A total of 864 households in 72 sample villages were selected from the Jivit Thmey project area, and interviews conducted with 695 currently married women aged 15 to 44. The study also obtained information about the immunization status and prevalence of diseases for children under five years old (698 children). The most important findings of the evaluation survey can be found in this report. JivitThmey.pdf
    01 Jun 99 RACHA Health Facilities Survey - 1998 To assess whether the local health facilities had sufficient financial and human resources for improving and widening the access to quality maternal and child health.
    HealthFacSur98.pdf
    01 Oct 99 Partners for Development (PfD) Northeast Cambodia Child Survival Program - Annual Report Annual Report of Partnership for Development (PfD)Child Survival program in the northeastern provinces of Cambodia. NEChildSurvival.pdf
    01 Jun 00 Jacobs B & Parco K Antenatal health seeking behaviour, utilization of public health services and perception of their services by women with siblings younger then 5 years in Maung Russay Operational District This study aimed at eliciting mothers with children younger than five years on their utilisation of health centres of Maung Russay Operational District, their perceptions and knowledge of the health centres' services, and their antenatal health seeking behaviour. The findings of this study will be used to facilitate the development of strategies required to improve maternal and child health care of the district -mainly by the public health sector. antenatal_HSB_Moung_Russey.pdf
    01 May 00 RACHA The Pathway to Child Health: Siem Reap, Pursat, Stung Treng, and Kampot Provinces, Cambodia The Pathway Study makes an important contribution to the accumulation of research data on infant, under five, and perinatal mortality in Cambodia and to the development of a better understanding of what caretakers do when children become ill. A surveillance system recorded, for one year, all births and deaths between the sixth month of pregnancy through the 59th month of age. This covered a total population of 10,000 women of reproductive age (15 - 49 years) in 40 villages in four provinces – Kampot, Pursat, Siem Reap and Stung Treng. PathwayChildHealth.pdf
    01 Mar 87 Katrina Galway,
    Brent wolff,
    Richard Sturgis
    Child Survival: Risks and the Road to Reproductive Health Comrehensive report focussing on child health and the factors affecting child health.

    CSapx.pdf

    CSpart1.pdf

    01 Dec 98 J. Moore Technical Officer - BASICS Preparation of Strategy and Technical Content of Essential Obstetric and Neonatal Components for Piloting a Community Program Preparation of Strategy and Technical Content of Essential Obstetric and Neonatal Components for Pilot Community Program ObstetricNeonatal.doc
    01 Jan 98 Dr. D. Shivpuri
    Associate Professor of Pediatric Medicine, S.M.S. Medical College & Sir Padampat Mother & Child Health Institute, Jaipur
    Management Of Acute Respiratory Infections In Children This is a practical aproach for the prevention and management of children infected by ARIs (Acute Respiratory Infections). This is an easy, inexpensive method. management.pdf
    10 May 99 Basic Support for Institutionalizing Child Survival Innovative Approaches To Child Survival Private voluntary organizations (PVOs) have played a key role in the international child survival movement since its inception, working in remote and impoverished communities to bring about real change. The BASICS project helped four PVOs identify, evaluate, and document some of their most innovative approaches. Included here are summary evaluations of La Leche League's mother-to-mother support project to promote breastfeeding and nurture of young children in Guatemala City; Project HOPE's collaborative effort with corporations employing agricultural workers to extend primary health care to them and their families in Malawi; the highly effective, low-cost peer-to-peer training program for immunizers conducted by Project Concern in Indonesia; and the World Relief Corporation's highly motivated and well-trained network of community women volunteers who help link rural households in Haiti to a district hospital through a community nutrition program.
    innovativeapproaches.pdf
    01 Jan 97 Kathleen M. Kurz, Ph.D., Nutritionist, and Charlotte Johnson-Welch, M.S.,
    Public Health Specialist, International Center for Research on Women
    An Opportunity for Child Survival Intervention Increasing attention in the developing world has been devoted to the girl-child. There is a scarcity of information on gender differences among children under the age of 5. It is important to focus on possible gender bias among young children so that child survival interventions benefit girls as much as they do boys. A literature review was conducted that found: few studies disaggregated health and nutrition data of underfives by gender; gender-disaggregated data give a mixed report on the direction of gender bias; few insights explaining gender differences emerged from a review of the health and nutrition literature; a common way in which gender bias manifests is that girls tend not to be taken for health care as often or as early in their illness as boys; girls may receive less attention from parents; first-born girls may be healthier than their younger sisters; increasing household income and increasing mothers' education are not sufficient to reduce gender disparities; and interventions can be designed and implemented to overcome gender biases. The authors conclude that child survival efforts are well placed to help reduce gender differences in the health and nutrition of underfives as follows: By determining if there are gender-biased behaviors or gender-differential outcomes; by investigating why the gender differences occur; by developing and testing interventions to reduce gender differences; and by sharing lessons learned and developing a consensus about reducing gender differences.

    front.pdf

    middle.pdf

    01 May 99 Partners for Development (PfD) Northeast Cambodia Child Survival Program Baseline Survey Knowledge, Practice and Coverage (KPC) A Knowledge, Practice, and Coverage (KPC) survey was conducted by NCCSP in the Chhlong Operational District of Kratie province, Cambodia, from May 24-31, 1999. The purpose of the survey was to obtain information on the knowledge and practices of mothers of children less than two years old related to breastfeeding/nutrition, diarrheal disease, respiratory illness, and maternal care. The survey also assessed the level of immunization and vitamin A coverage of children less than two in the project area. Information from this survey serves as a baseline for NCCSP. It will be used to refine current project plans and as background information for the development of a Detailed Implementation Plan.

    CHH-011.pdf

    APPENDIX_C.pdf

    03 Jul 92 Organized by Helen Keller International
    Sponsored by the Charles A. Dana Foundation
    Chaired by Professor Abraham Horwitz
    Convened by Professor Alfred Sommer
    Keith P. West Jr., Dr.P.H
    Bellagio Meeting On Vitamin A Deficiency Sl Childhood In light of recent calls by the "World Summit for Children "3 and the "Bellagio Declaration 114 for worldwide control or elimination of vitamin A deficiency and the recent spate of published scientific data, a meeting of concerned scientists, health officials, and policy makers was convened on February 3-7, 1992, at the Rockefeller Study and Conference Center in Bellagio, Italy. The purpose was to examine the role of vitamin A status on the health of children in developing countries; to reach clear and appropriate conclusions where warranted; and to consider policy implications arising from these conclusions that might guide program managers and decision makers. BMVA.pdf
    01 May 99 Royal Tropical Institute (KIT), Health Department.Amsterdam, The Netherlands Appropriate Intervention for the Reduction of Maternal Morbidity and Mortality in Svey Rieng Province, Cambodia This thesis discuses the main factors that influence maternal health in Cambodia, the mains causes of maternal mortality, the reasons for under reporting, and how the key components of maternal health services have been introduced to improve maternal morbidity and to reduce maternal mortality. Kit.pdf
    01 Jan 00 Dr. Philippe Longfils
    IFSP - Health Advisor
    IFSP - Health Component School Programme Activities Report and School Anthropometric In April 1999, IFSP started a School Health Programme in 10 schools belonging to the catchment's area of two HC: Dang Tung (DT) and Trapeang Reang (TR) in Chhuk operational district. Each school session started with health education information.
    4,527 children have been seen during the first round of school activity in the second quater of 1999. This represents 82.4% coverage of registered pupils (see details page 10). All pupils have been treated with one dose of Vitamin A and 500 mg of Mebendazole. All students, from grade 1 to grade 6, passed through a quick medical screening. 471 pupils (10-4%) were affected with angular gingivitis, sign-of vitamin B2- deficiency and have been treated With Vitamin B complex. Bad hygiene, scabies and other skin diseases were the other main problem seen.

    In December 1999, 4088 pupils of 9 schools, have been seen during-the second round of school activity. Problems seen are similar to those found during the first round. In June 2000, a third round of activity, 4,465 pupils screened. In December 2000, a fourth round of activity, with extension to the 9 schools of Champey Health Center.

    A total of 8,998 pupils are screened in the 18 schools, and they are now supported by our programme.
    NU-014.pdf
    20 Feb 01 KELEN KELLER INTERNATIONAL
    CAMBODIA
    Initial Finding From 2000 Cambodia National Micronutrient Survey Micronutrient malnutrition is increasingly being recognized as one of the main nutritional problems in the world because it affects more than 3 billion people and has serious, long-lasting consequences. It can increase morbidity and mortality among children and women of reproductive age, retard child growth and cognitive development, and reduce work productivity. The immediate causes of micronutrient deficiencies are inadequate intake of micronutrient-rich foods and severe and repeated illness. Underlying causes include poverty, general malnutrition, inadequate access to micronutrient-rich foods, less than optimal child care practices and limited access to health care services. Nut-013.pdf
    01 Jan 00 Ministry Of Health Integrated Management of Childhood Illness The health status of Cambodia's children is one of the worst in the world with more than one out of nine children dying before their fifth birthday1. The direct effects of a high disease burden and widespread malnutrition, the indirect effects of poor maternal health, limited availability of basic health services and poor household health knowledge result -in almost 40,000 under-five child deaths each year.

    The main direct causes of child illness and death are diarrhoea! diseases, acute respiratory
    infections and vaccine preventable diseases, particularly measles, which are together estimated to be responsible for over half of all child deaths. Severe malnutrition compounds the effects of these illnesses and results in the heavy death toll.

    The World Health Organization (WHO), UNICEF, the World Bank and numerous other agencies have responded to the challenge by developing the Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) strategy.
    IMC-004F.pdf
    01 Jan 00 Partnership for Development (PfD)-Northeast Cambodiacommunity
    Development Program (NCCDP)
    Lesson on Iodine Deficiency Disorders (IDDs) for Community Members To familiarize villagers with iodine deficiency disorders and explain why iodine dispensers will be placed in the wells. NU-024.pdf
    08 Feb 99 HELEN KELLER Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices of Salt Consumers This study on knowledge, attitudes and practices of salt consumers was conducted in collaboration with the Ministries of Planning, Health, Rural Development, Information,and Industry, Mines and Energy. The overall purpose of the study was to ascertain and describe consumers' current knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding IDD andiodized salt use. The information will be used to guide the preparation of this pilot-implementation, monitoring and evaluation, and education. The study was conducted between July 12-15, 1998. NU-011.pdf
    01 Dec 00 John Stoeckel
    Health and Population Consultant
    Bangkok, Thailand
    A Documentation and Assessment of the Reproductive and Child Health Alliance (RACHA) The objective of this report is to provide RACHA and USAID with documentation and assessment of how well the initial expectations of USAID are being met, and most important, how well RACHA appears to be contributing to USAID's current results framework. Documentation_and_Assessment_by_Dr.pdf
    Jan 2003 HKI/Rotary Intl./MOH/USAID HKI Home Care for a Sick Child leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer showing ways to give care at home for a sick child, especially breastfeeding, rehydration, and feeding. HKI_Home_Care_for_Sick_Child_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 CNM CNM Dengue leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer about prevention, symptoms, and care seeking for children with Dengue fever. CNM_Dengue_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 RACHA/MOH RACHA Diarrhea Danger Signs leaflet A simple 1-page leaflet showing danger signs of severly ill children and encouraging mothers to seek care at health centers. RACHA_Danger_Signs_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 USAID and Measure DHS Infant, Child and Maternal Mortality - A Seminar Presentation A seminar presentation on infant, child and maternal mortality including:
    - Infant and child mortality levels
    - Differentials
    - Adult and maternal mortality
    InfChildMatmortality.ppt
    Jan 2003 USAID and Measure DHS Maternal and Child Health - A Seminar Presentation A seminar presentation on maternal and child health including:
    - Maternity care
    - Delivery and postnatal care
    - Use of tobacco and betel nuts
    - Childhood vaccinations
    - Treatment of childhood illnesses
    maternal___child_health.ppt
    12 Jul 02 Health Messenger Integrated Management of Childhood Illness (IMCI) - (Health Messenger, Issue 12, July 2002) IMCI focuses on the well being of the child as a whole, it does not deal only with one disease. IMCI both prevents and cures disease. It brings together all that can be done to improve children's health in a practical and efficient way. IMCI is a strategy for children under 5 years of age that aims to:
    · Reduce death, illness and disability;
    · Promote improved growth and development.
    Issue_12.pdf
    28 Feb 03 CARE Guide to Keeping Children Healthy: Smart Parents Save Time and Money by Keeping Children Healthy Designed in 2003 by CARE Cambodia's Child Survival Pilot Project in Pursat Province, this illustrated guide is for teaching Village Drug Sellers, mothers with children under 5, and formal care providers. Technical concepts include C/IMCI and consumer education on appropriate use of drugs and antibiotics.

    CARE_Child_Survival_Pictobook_-_Khmer.pdf

    CARE_Child_Survival_Pictobook_-_English.pdf

    30 Apr 03 Bart Jacobs
    Jenny booth
    Effects of provision of hygiene kits, peer counselling and health education on recovery amongst acutely malnourished children in areas where acute malnutrition is not due to food insecurity, interventions other than food supplement –at least for moderately wasted children- should be considered. The provision of kits that stimulate appropriate feeding and hygiene practices and management of diarrhoea, in tandem with health education to caretakers of malnourished children, appears to considerably influence health behaviour. Financial savings –both direct and indirect- due to improved nutritional status of the children should be stressed in the education sessions NUT065_Effects_of_hygiene_kit.doc
    10 May 03 Forum NGO Helth and HIV/AIDs Chapter Cambodia's health status is among the poorest in the region, as Table 13.1 shows. The public health system has suffered from war and chronic underfunding and is having serious difficulties in meeting the health needs of the population. A heavy burden of communicable diseases results in high mortality rates among children and adults. Progress has been made in seeking to revitalize the health system and to break the vicious cycle of ill health, debt, and poverty that economically cripples Cambodian families and retards the country's development. However, considerable further effort is needed to improve access to health services of improved quality. To this end, the Ministry of Health (MOH) is formulating a sector master plan linking health sector reform with the broader fiscal and administrative reforms presented POR-026_SEDP2_Health_section.doc
    30 Sep 02 World Relief Corporation
    in cooperation
    with the Ministry of Health
    CAMBODIA
    LIGHT FOR LIFE_ World Relief Corporation experienced tremendous success through the formation of Care Groups in the Vurhonga ("Dawn") Child Survival program in Mozambique so they decided to use the same model in the Light for Life Child Survival program in Cambodia. CHH-030.doc
    30 Jun 03 Jenny Booth, June 2003 CHP-025Community participation working paper final Collaborating with pagodas and mosques in
    Kirivong Operational District
    CHP-025Community_participation_working_paper_final.doc
    11 Aug 03 Unknown COVERAGE IMPROVEMENT PLANNING (CIP) - REASONS FOR LOW VACCINATION COVERAGE
    - EXTRA ACTIVITIES PLANNED TO INCREASE COVERAGE
    CIP.PPT
    13 Dec 05 Racha RACHA brochure Racha brochure Brochure.pdf
    01 Apr 06 Steve Fabricant
    Health Economist
    WHO/Cambodia consultant
    Millennium Development Goals and Poverty Reduction Strategy:Estimating Costs of Increased Utilization of Health Services by the Poor in Cambodia This study projected costs of scaling up government health services to achieve improved health status of the poor and undeserved segments of the Cambodia population.

    Three main types of interventions were explored: two alternative interventions for improving the quality of health services, three interventions that improve access to services by the poor, and twelve that target health problems that burden the poor relatively more.

    Total and marginal unit costs per capita were estimated by reviewing existing studies of interventions in Cambodia and in other countries with similar health and socioeconomic environments. Where it was relevant, previous efforts to cost interventions and programs were reviewed in detail and some data extrapolated from these.
    MDG_cost_study_final.rtf
    Condoms pills and injectables
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Feb 99 Sek Sisokhom , Chea Chantha , Helen Pickering User Perceptions of the Monthly (Chinese) Pill in Cambodia The monthly pill has been used in China since the late 1960s. The most commonly used pill contains 12 mg of norgestrel (a progesterone) and 3mg of quinestrol (an oestrogen). Studies carried out in China in 1980 and 1997 report few serious side effects but suggest that women should use an alternative method of contraception for 6-12 months before becoming pregnant. monthlypill.doc
    01 Sep 98 PSI OK Oral Contraceptive Annual Report - September 1997 to September 1998 Since late 1993, PSI has been in the forefront of HIV prevention in Cambodia through its effective sales and marketing of Number One condoms. In September 1997, PSI Cambodia added a second socially marketed product to its portfolio, OK oral contraceptive. OK is the brand name given to the well-known oral contraceptive, Microgynon, manufactured by Schering of Germany. Cambodian consumers can now purchase this contraceptive product designed with their needs in mind for easy use, attractively packaged, with simple and clear instructions in Khmer and sold at an affordable price. RPH-026.pdf
    Jan 2003 MOH/UNFPA UNFPA Birth Control Pill pamphlet A small 14-page pamphlet containing information about the benefits of birth control pills and how to take them. Includes monthly calendars to help women take pills correctly. UNFPA_BC_Pill_pamphlet.pdf
    Control of diarrehal disease
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    Jan 2003 MOH/NCHP/AUSAID AUSAID Personal Hygiene leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer containing information about personal hygiene and dental care. AUSAID_Personal_Hygiene_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 MOH/NCHP/AUSAID AUSAID Hygiene and Sanitation leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer containing information about personal hygiene and sanitation in the home. AUSAID_Hygiene_and_Sanitation_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 RACHA/USAID/MOH RACHA CDD foldout A 2-sided accordian-style foldout. One side has 7 panels on preparing ORS and the other side has 7 panels on danger signs of a severly ill child who should be taken to a health center. Each side of the foldout is in a separate file attachment.

    RACHA_ORS_foldout.pdf

    RACHA_Diarrhea_Danger_Signs_foldout.pdf

    Jan 2003 MOH/NCHP/AUSAID AUSAID Diarrhea Prevention leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer containing information about ways to prevent diarrhea - mainly hygiene and sanitation. AUSAID_Diarrhea_Prevention_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 MOH/NCHP/AUSAID AUSAID Dehydration leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer containing information about the danger of dehydration and ways to treat it at home. AUSAID_Dehydration_leaflet.pdf
    Dengue Fever
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Jan 03 CRC/ECHO/CNM CRC Dengue Prevention leaflet A 6-panel leaflet showing ways to kill tiger mosquito larvae and prevent dengue fever. Prevention methods include using Abate insecticide in water jars and water jar lids. CRC_Dengue_Prevention_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 MOH/NCHP/AUSAID AUSAID Dengue leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer on signs and symptoms of dengue fever. Encourages health seeking at health centers. AUSAID_Dengue_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 MOH/NCHP/AUSAID AUSAID Dengue Prevention leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer about preventing mosquito breeding in water jars. AUSAID_Dengue_Prevention_leaflet.pdf
    01 Sep 00 AMI Health Messenger Magazine - Dengue Health Messenger Magazine is published by AMI in English and Khmer. Issue 7 was published in September 2000 and offers 58 pages of information on dengue fever. For a copy of this issue, contact hmess@bigpond.com.kh. Health_Msgr_Magazine_-_Dengue.pdf
    Jan 2003 CNM/WHO CNM Bednet poster A poster in Khmer about using insecticide-treated mosquito bednets. The bednet portion of the poster is covered in actual bednet material. CNM_Bednet_poster.pdf
    Drug management
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Jan 99 RACHA 1999 - Stock Level Survey of Dispensed Quantities and Store/Management Conditions at Health Centers and Refferal Hospitals of the MOH The 1999-Stock level survey is carried out to evaluate the logistic system performance, to gather information about range of services available, and to compare the findings with the 1998 survey. StockLevel99.pdf
    01 Jul 99 RACHA Logistics Management Manual for Referral Hospital Manual for those who manage essential drugs and contraceptive supplies. LogMRHosp.pdf
    01 Jul 99 RACHA Logistics Management Manual for Health Center This manual provides standardized procedures and guidelines for the managment of essential drugs and contraceptive suppliesat the health center level. LogManHC.pdf
    01 Jul 99 RACHA Logistics Mangement Manual for Referral Hospital-Trainer's Manual A workshop plan designed to provide hospital pharmacists with the knowledge and skills to effectively manage the distribution and logistics system of essential drugs. LogMRHTrainMan.doc
    01 Jun 98 RACHA 1998 - Stock Level Survey of Dispensed Quantities and Store/Management Conditions at Health Centers and Refferal Hospitals of the MOH The 1998 Stock Level survey is conducted to determine actual amount of essential drugs and contraceptives located in public health facilities, and to determine whether these amount meet the monthly distribution demands StockSur98.pdf
    01 Feb 02 RACHA and the Essential Drugs Bureau of the Ministry of Health Assessment of Contraceptive Stock Level and Logistics Management in 56 Health Facilities A comprehensive survey of contraceptive stock level in 56 health facilities throuhgout Cambodia. A project funded by UNFPA and implemented by the RACHA in collaboration with the Essential Drugs Bureau and the National Center for Health Promotion

    acknowledge.doc

    AppendixWCReport.doc

    01 07 04 PSF-CI Cambodia,
    Project financed by ECHO
    In collaboration with the Drug and Food Department
    (Essential Drugs)
    of the Ministry of Health of Cambodia,
    2003
    DRU 038 Essentail Drug BookletEVersion ESSENTIAL DRUGS
    Basic Information
    for Health Center Staff and Drug sellers
    DRU_038_Essentail_Drug_BookletEVersion.pdf
    Education prevention and care
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Mar 99 Population Service International (PSI)/Cambodia Community Co-Management and Co-Financing in Health Centers Situation analysis of current health sector financing, and operational guidelines for pilot areas for co-management/financing projects in Cambodia CondomSaleGraphs.zip
    01 Dec 98 M Chommie/ PSI and FHI Condom Distribution Survey Condom Distribution Survey CondomDistributionSurvey.zip
    01 Dec 98 M Chommie/PSI and FHI Commercial Sex Establishment Census Commercial Sex Establishment Census sexestablishmentCensus.zip
    09 Jul 01 Heng Sopheab, Mun Phalkun,
    Hor Bun Leng, Seng Sut Wantha
    National Center for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STDs
    Ministry of Health, Cambodia
    Pamina M. Gorbach
    FHI Consultant/University of California, Los Angeles
    Cambodian Household Male Survey (July 2001) The BSS IV was conducted in urban centers and rural areas in each of Cambodia's five major provinces: Phnom Penh, Battambang, Siem Reap, Sihanoukville, and Kampong Cham. It includes a comparison of an overall measure of sexual risk with a distribution of risk behavior in the Cambodian male population. CambodiaHouseholdMaleSurvey2001.pdf
    01 Dec 02 UNDP/UNFPA/WHO/World Bank Special Programme of Research,
    Development and Research Training in Human Reproduction (HRP)
    HIV/AIDS makes dual protection a must Most heterosexual individuals who have sexual intercourse desire to protect themselves from unwanted pregnancy most of the time. Virtually all individu-als all of the time wish to avoid infec-tions that can be sexually transmitted, particularly of the most deadly and increasingly prevalent variety, the HIV infection. It is not surprising therefore that people have started to ask: can both objectives be achieved simultane-ously? ... dualmethod.pdf
    20 Jun 97 UNICEF Workshop on HIV/AIDS Counselling and Community Based Care UNICEF-Phnom Penh A workshop report on HIV/AIDS counselling and community based care. AP-012F.pdf
    28 Feb 97 KHUON PICHITH. MC, HAK CHAN ROEUN. MD,MCTM OUNG CHAKRAVUTH. MD CHIV SADY. MD, PAL BUNNA.MD NAMNYVANNY MD OUK VARA. MD MARTIN P. REGIS. MD, BONDERENKO NATALIA. :SID. P. SOUTEYRAND. Prof Aspect of Epidemiological And Clinical Manifestation of Adult HIV+/AIDS Patients at Calmette Hospital in Cambodia This is a descriptive study of the HIV+/AIDS patients at Calmette Hospital in Phnom-Penh city of Cambodia during 10, November,1994 to 20, Feb,1997. The purpose of this study is to describe the characteristic of HIV+/AIDS patients, the common clinical manifestations and to determine the frequency of opportunistic infections usually infected in adult HIV+/AIDS patients. HAG-033F.pdf
    01 Apr 96 MEDEClNS SANS FRONTIERES MSF and AIDS Policy Paper This paper described MSF and its partners intentions in establishing, as clearly as possible, a general policy on AIDS, common to all MSF sections. Basically, it aims to define a general framework for our interventions. It is recant particularly for the people in the field, and should be practical enough to say what has to he done and what should be avoided. MSF works in different types of situations with different opportunities or limitations in actions. Therefore this policy document will outline the possibilities of action within MSF projects mid also define a minimal response required in all situations. This paper, hence this policy, will obviously evolve and will be adapted to include progress made in the various fields of AIDS control, and reelect our own expertise, experiences and possibilities. HAP-00F.pdf
    07 Nov 97 Dr Bernard Fabre-Teste
    Chef du Projet FA C MST/SIDA de la Coopération
    Réunion des acteurs francophones dans le domaine de la santé au Cambodge Statistical Report HAG-032F.pdf
    01 Jun 00 Internation Health Alliance
    and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID)
    An Evaluation of the MoH-NGO Home Care Programme for People with HIV-AIDS in Cambodia This evaluation provides a report on an impact of HIV/AIDS home care programme at different levels in Cambodia. HAC-005.pdf
    01 Apr 97 International HIV/AIDS Alliance
    and an observer's account by Alan Greig, Associate Consultant
    "Local NGOs Responding to AIDS": Issues emerging from a strategic planning workshop Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 25-27 March 1997 "Local NGOs responding to AIDS: a strategic planning workshop", represented the start of a second 'phase' of Alliance activities. It brought together representatives from 23 local NGOs with staff from government and international organizations to begin a process of identifying appropriate roles for local NGOs in an effective national response to HIV and AIDS, as well as the needs of the local NGO sector in fulfilling these roles. The workshop also aimed to assess if and how such needs might be met by a local NGO HIV/AIDS Support Programme which would serve as a local source of technical and financial support to a variety of community groups poised to respond to the epidemic. The main outcomes of this workshop, as well as issues which were raised, are summarized in this report, from the perspective of the International HIV/AIDS Alliance. HAG-068.pdf
    14 Oct 99 Dr. WIWAT ROJANARITHYAKORN National Policy on 100% Condom Use in the Kingdom of Cambodia The Government of Cambodia realizes that HIV/AIDS is an urgent priority because this disease is causing an increasing public health, economic and social problem for the whole country. The main route of transmission of HIV/AIDS is occuring through sexual intercourse between men and women. Men play the bridging role by infecting their wives, babies and other partners where they get from HIV infected women. Since HIV/AIDS has transmitted in an alarming rate, the main strategy to response to the epidemic is to prevent people from getting infected because so far there is no cure for this disease. The 100% condom use is promulgated as a national policy and shall be applied in all brothels and sex establishment to ensure the safety of sex services. HAP-033.pdf
    01 Nov 99 MINISTRY OF WOMEN'S AND VETERANS' AFFAIRS The National Policy for Women: The Girl Child and HIV/AIDS Cambodia Cambodia is in the process of recovery from decades of war. As HIV/AIDS spreads it will have devastating social and economic impact on the development of the country. The Ministry of Women's and Veterans' Affairs recognizes the implications of the epidemic and therefore endeavors to contribute to an increased sharing of responsibility..... HAG-057.pdf
    30 Aug 96 UNICEF Cambodia HIV/AIDS Project HIV/AIDS in Cambodia - A UNICEF Project Report A report on UNICEF Cambodia HIV/AIDS Project from June 1996 - August 1996. HAP-020F.pdf
    01 Nov 00 Ministry of Health Ministry of Health: Strategic Plan for HIV/AIDS and STI Prevention and Care in Cambodia 2001-2005 Under this Strategic Plan, the National Centre for HIV/AIDS, Dermatology and STDs (NCHADS) developed a series of specific Policies (eg for Testing, for STDs, for Blood Safety, etc.), Strategies (eg. for Surveillance, for AIDS Care, for Outreach, etc), Guidelines for the Introduction and Implementation of various programmes and interventions (eg. I00% Condom Use, Home-based Care), and Training packages (eg. Syndromic Management of STDs, Strengthening Provincial HIV/AIDS Programmes, etc). These have all been used to establish activities and programmes both at Central and Provincial level. MHSP-01-05.pdf
    01 May 01 the UN Country Team (UNCT) supporting the national response to the HIV epidemic in Cambodia Common Strategy HIV/AIDS 2001 - 2005 - A UN Integrated Workplan on HIV/AIDS This UN Common Strategy, through its annual operationalization in the form of the UN Integrated Workplan on HIV/AIDS, supports that ongoing process and its future directions. Through the Common Strategy development process and this resulting document it is hoped to
    achieve a greater synergistic and holistic UN response. This enhanced response will ensure better support to national efforts working toward a further reduction in HIV infections and a minimization of the impact of AIDS on tine Cambodian society.
    HAG-059.pdf
    04 Mar 99 Michael Chommie, Consultant
    PSI/Cambodia
    Condom Distribution - HIV Prevention Survey of Phnom Penh, Kampong Cham, and Kandal Province 1998 The purpose of this survey was to determine the availability of both PSI's "Number One" brand of condoms and other condoms, and STI drugs in various commercial outlets in the urban centers of the following provinces:
    • Phnom Penh (Municipality)
    • Kampong Cham
    • Kandal
    In addition, the survey was designed to collect information on the wholesale and retail prices of condoms, retail prices of STI drugs, age of condom purchasers and the percentage of women buyers.
    HAP-032.pdf
    01 Sep 99 UNAIDS Country Profile: The HIV/AIDS/STD Situation and the National Response - 2nd Edition 1999 This is a reference document, related to STD/HIV/AIDS in Cambodia, designed to enhance the awareness of partners in the response (Government, International organizations, donors, NGOs) of what others in the response are doing. It does not aim to include all projects and all activities going on in the response to HIV/AIDS. However, by referring the reader to key contacts and key documents he/she should be able to obtain more detailed information relatively easily. HAG-076.pdf
    01 Jan 90 MEDICAM Executive sumary on AIDS in Cambodia The Kingdom of Cambodia has the most serious HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia with many contributing factors which suggest that the epidemic has the potential to cause Cambodia to become one of the worst affected countries in the world. The 1990s in Cambodia have been marked by an alarmingly rapid increase in the overall number of HIV infections and a rapid rise in the national HIV prevalence among several key populations. The first reported cases of HIV infection were in mid 1991 with unreported cases suggested to have begun in the late 1980s. A Comprehensive National Plan was developed in 1993 to guide the national response to the epidemic. HAP-011F.pdf
    01 Jan 00 UNICEF UNDP , UNFPA, UNESCO, WHO With Hope and Help - Manual for People With HIV/AIDS This manual which accompanies the "With Hope and Help" video has been designed to give group leaders ideas and direction to run activities and discussions. The manual addresses misconceptions about people who have HIV and those sick with AIDS. The manual will be used with groups of leaders in society and with communities so that they can gain a true understanding of what it really means to have HIV. This is the sort of understanding that will open the gates of loving kindness and will be followed by the best help and support possible. HAP-013.pdf
    01 Apr 96 Steve Penfold BA (Hons.) HIV/AIDS in Cambodia an Assessment of Prevention and Coordination Despite the danger of a potential HIV/AIDS epidemic, Cambodia opted to procrastinate, believing international isolation would act as a shield, thus postponing the inevitable. As a result, since the first diagnosis of HIV in 1991, the infection rate has accelerated to one of the fastest growing in the world.Three key themes run through the chapters, looking at aspects of coordination. incremental policy-making,and the perception of AIDS as a health issue rather than a social problem. This latter focus has meant that the cost of the AIDS epidemic will be a burden increasingly carried by women, their children and will be borne disproportionately by the poor. One area largely ignored in Cambodia, yet pointed to in many international studies. involves the role of migrant workers. Whilst acknowledging the dangers of identifying "high-risk" groups, the dissertation assesses information on migrant workers and their families, and the impact they may have on the future spread of the virus. Material used within the penultimate chapter draws heavily on research, funded by the Dutch government, designed and implemented by the author during his course placement in Cambodia. HAP-034.pdf
    01 Aug 97 UNICEF,UNDP, UNFPA, UNESCO, WHO, World Bank Joint United Nations Program on HIV/AIDS – 1997 HIV Counselling and Testing This statement summarizes UNAIDS' position on HIV testing and on counselling issues related to HIV testing. It is addressed-to national authorities and is meant to facilitate the development or strengthening of national policies on the subject. HAP_-_013F.pdf
    01 Feb 99 MoH & NGO Join Ministry Of Health and NGO Pilot Project on Nome and Community Care for People of HIV and AIDS The HIV/AIDS epidemic in Cambodia is growing at an alarming rate, estimated in 1998 to have reached 2.8% of the adult population. The current uncertain political and economic situation suggests that factors fuelling the rapid spread will persist into the foreseeable future. The Ministry of Health initiated a plan to control the epidemic in 1991, with their efforts supported by an increasing number of bi-lateral donors, UN Organisations and NGOs. One recent initiative has been the drafting of the National Strategic Plan 1998-2000, which aims to be a 3 year framework for action and coordination of the response to HIV/AIDS. This document identifies AIDS Care as a priority area, and discussion has begun in an attempt to address this. However, it remains as a significant gap in the resource allocations of the major players, both government and non-government. HAC-009.pdf
    18 Dec 97 Alan Greig
    International HIV/AIDS Alliance
    Local ING0s Responding to HIV and AIDS Phnom Penh Cambodia 16-18 December 1997 HAG-066 - Workshop Report This document was the result of many people's commitment and enthusiasm. Thanks go to the members of the Temporary Advisory Working Group who, together with KHANA's program staff, planned and facilitated the workshop.

    Thanks also go to all the representatives of local NGOs who attended the workshop and demonstrated their dedication to a more effective response to HIV and AIDS in Cambodia.
    HAG-066.pdf
    01 Jun 97 Ministry Of Health ,National AIDS Programme,French Cooperation, European Union, USAID,UNAIDS (UNDP, UNFPA, UNICEF, UNESCO, WHO, World Bank)and NGOs National Review of the HIV/AIDS Response in Cambodia, April-June 1997 The Kingdom of Cambodia has the most serious HIV/AIDS epidemic in Asia with many contributing factors which suggest that the epidemic has the potential to cause Cambodia to become one of the worst affected countries in the world. The 1990s in Cambodia have been marked by an alarmingly rapid increase in the overall number of HIV infections and a rapid rise in the national HIV prevalence among several key populations. The first reported cases of HIV infection were in mid 1991 with unreported cases suggested to have begun in the late 1980s. A Comprehensive National Plan was developed in 1993 to guide the national response to the epidemic. Many significant achievements have occurred since 1993 which have laid the foundation for an improved national response to the HIV/STD/AIDS epidemic. HAC-011.pdf
    01 Jun 97 Dr Chou Meng Tarr
    University of Phnom Penh Phnom Penh
    Cambodia

    Dr Chou Meng Tarr
    Cambodian AIDS Social Research Project
    Young People and HIV in Cambodia - Meanings, Contexts and Sexual Cultures Like many other countries in South East Asia,Cambodia is experiencing a rapidly developing AIDS epidemic. Groups reported as being particularly seriously affected include sex workers and their clients. Young people too may be at heightened risk: some young women find sex work a lucrative option in the context of low wages and poor employment opportunities, and some young men pay for sex either as individually or as part of group socializing. These same young men may subsequently have sex with other partners, thus extending networks of transmission. While there is limited knowledge about the form of such sexual networks, little is known about the meanings that underpin young people's sexual relations and partnerships, sexual identities associated with such meanings, and prevailing socio-sexual cultures. This paper reports on findings from an indepth qualitative study conducted among two groups of young people: one urban, the other rural. Following an initial Rapid Assessment Process, .data was collected via individual interviews, focus group interviews and participant observation. The research team included. young people themselves Data is presented on dominant discourses about sex and sexuality in Cambodia; contemporary patterns of sexual behaviour; sexual meanings and sexual practices sexual relations. HAP-05F.pdf
    01 May 98 Dr Wiwat Rojanapithayakorn
    WHO Consultant
    Preparation of a draft plan for implementing 100% condom use - A WHO Mission Report The current HIV/AIDS epidemic in Cambodia is one of the most serious situations in Asia. Since the detection of the first case of HIV infection in 1991, the disease has spread very rapidly throughout the country, as witnessed by the very high rates of HIV infection observed in many groups of population, even in groups at low risk such as pregnant women.

    The main mode of HIV transmission in Cambodia is heterosexual contact between sex workers and their clients who further spread the disease to housewives and the newborn.

    Although many interventions are implemented to prevent heterosexual transmission of HIV in Cambodia, the rapid spread still continues to increase. The effective control of HIV seems to rely on the prevention of HIV spreading between sex workers and their clients. Thus it is recommended that the policy to promote 100% condom use in sex establishments should be
    considered for implementation in Cambodia. It is feasible to conduct the 100% condom-use project in one province of Cambodia, the results of which can be use for nationwide expansion of the policy.
    HAP-027F.pdf
    01 Dec 00 AMI Health Messenger Magazine - HIV/AIDS Health Messenger Magazine is published by AMI in English and Khmer. Issue 8 was published in December 2000 and offers 58 pages of information on HIV/AIDS. For a copy of this issue, contact hmess@bigpond.com.kh. Health_Msgr_Magazine_-_HIV-AIDS.pdf
    Jan 2003 USAID and Measure DHS HIV/AIDS and Other STIs - A Seminar Presentation A seminar presentation on HIV/AIDs and other sexually-transmitted infections. HIV_AIDS_STIs.ppt
    01 Nov 02 Dr. Hean Sokhom
    Sou Ketya
    Lath Poch
    Ke Kantha Mealea
    Lim Sidedine
    Ian Ramage
    Health Seeking Behaviour of women in the entertainment sector .....All the women interviewed expressed the need for HIV and STI education and STI services. They preferred a quiet location, not too far from the workplace, so that they could access services quickly without paying too much for transport. Respondents reported that they preferred female educators and health practitioners who were middle-aged, competent and courteous. Based on this assessment, the research team has recommended that specific STI education and treatment services be made available to these women with an emphasis on ease of access, lack of discrimination and confidentiality. EDITISWreport_05-10-02.doc
    04 Feb 03 Medicam Medinews Medicam news Vol_2_Issue_2_0302_(LAST_MINUTE_GF_2nd_Round).doc
    11 Jun 03 MOH Strategic Plan for HIV. HIV/AIDS Cambodia's HIV prevalence rate is the highest in SouthEast Asia, and rising at the highest rate (Table 14.1). As noted in Chapter 4, HIV/AIDS does not simply kill. It affects all social classes, leads to long periods of incapacity, often strikes people in their most productive years, and demands enormous resources from carers. Moreover, HIV increases the likelihood of those infected with TB developing the disease. Given the prevalence of TB (Table 13.1), the HIV/AIDS epidemic will dramatically increase the TB burden. Avoidance of a disastrous epidemic requires swift preventative action. POR-026_SEDP2__HIVAIDS_section.doc
    10 May 03 Not Know PERFORMANCE DURING SEDPI • The Royal Government of Cambodia is committed to the maintenance of peace, security and social stability; to the consolidation and development of democracy and the rule of law; and to the protection of basic human rights, including gender equality and equity. These commitments define the political framework within which the primary development goal of poverty reduction is to be achieved. POR-026_SEDP2_EXECUTIVE_SUMMARY.doc
    30 Mar 04 Mark Anthony White Chief, Office of Public Health Cambodia HIV/AIDS StrategicPlan 2002-2005 The Cambodia HIV/AIDS strategy operates under the Public Health Interim Strategy 2002-2005: Increased Use of High Impact HIV/AIDS and Family Health Services and Appropriate Health Seeking Behaviors (pending approval for extension until 2006). It is in harmony with the Cambodian Ministry of Health's Comprehensive and Multisectoral Response to HIV/AIDS 2001-2005 as well as the Health Sector Strategic Plan 2003-2007 USAID_Cambodia_HIV_strategy_-_final.pdf
    General statistics and lessons learned
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Jun 99 PSI OK Oral Contraceptive Monthly Sale - 1997 to 1999 (Graphic) A graph represents a sales of OK pills from 1997 to 1999 by Population Service International/Cambodia (PSI/Cambodia) CondomSaleGraphs.zip
    01 Jun 00 RACHA Sustaining Health Promotion through Micro-Lending ...a micro-lending program would be the answer to the villagers credit needs, while the interest generated by the program could fund health promotion... Micro7.pdf
    01 Jan 99 USAID Sustainable Access to Microfinance for Cambodia's Poor A brief report on USAID sponsored microfinance projects in Cambodia. USAIDmicrofin.pdf
    01 Jan 00 CARE International - Dr. Lim Sidevil Feasibility Study: Health Insurance Scheme in Factories An assessment and recommendations as to the feasibility of a health insurance scheme in five factories. HealthInsurScheme.pdf
    01 Jan 99 Overseas Development Institute - Tim Conway Issues in Sector Programmes and Development Assistance in the Health Sector - Country Case Study Number 4 An overview of current aid to health care in Cambodia, the relationship of donor, government and health care providers and an analysis of the potential for a sector-wide approach (SWAp) to health sector aid. CurIssue.pdf
    01 Feb 99 Kruy Kim Hourn, Boeun Chan Born, Uy Sokco, Helen Pickering Post Partum Heating Practices in Cambodia "This paper takes a preliminary look at the behaviour surrounding (post-partum heating) and determine whether it is likely to lead to the harmful results that..." postpartum.doc
    01 Jun 01 Laure Beaufils Population Matter in Cambodia This report was undertaken in preparation for the UNFPA mid term review in 1999. It summarizes the growing body of research regarding population issues and identifies the main actors involved in each field and the government's response and, finally, identifies gaps and needs in the research. The three first chapters give an in depth analysis on the status of Cambodian women, on their reproductive health and on reproductive tract infections, including HIV/Aids. The three last chapters provide background information on health, education and environment. Population_Matter_in_Cambodia.pdf
    01 Jan 96 National Institute of Statistics, Ministry of Planning Demographic Survey of Cambodia, 1996 A general report of a pre-census demographic survey conducted by Cambodian Ministry of Planning in 1996. DemoSurCam96.pdf
    01 Jan 98 UNFPA UNFPA in Cambodia: Annual Report 1998 Report on UNFPA activities in Cambodia UNFPA1.pdf
    01 Apr 99 Maryknoll Keys to Good Health - English version A teaching aid for instructing people about good health and hygiene habits. GoodHealthEnglish.pdf
    01 Jan 98 Maryknoll Keys to good Health - Khmer version A teaching aid for instructing khmer-speaking people about good health and hygiene habits GoodHealthKhmer.pdf
    01 Sep 99 Options team Phnom Penh Urban Health Project: First Report to Department of International Development Reviews progress against the provisional outputs of a working logframe during the first six months of implementation of the Phnom Penh Urban Health Project. UrbHealth.pdf
    09 Jul 01 Wold Bank Cambodia fact file A statistical report of Cambodia. factcambodia.pdf
    Jan 2003 BART JACOBS AND NEIL PRICE
    Enfants et Developpement, Phnom Penh, Cambodia and 2Centre for Development Studies, University of Wales Swansea, UK
    Community participation in externally funded health projects: lessons from Cambodia This article provides lessons learned on establishing effective community participation in two externally funded, NGO-implemented health projects working at district level in Cambodia. The first project was implemented in accordance with the Cambodian national guidelines on community participation. The second – using lessons and experiences gained as a result of the first project – worked with Buddhist pagoda volunteers. Primary research was conducted in both settings to assess the effectiveness of the two participation strategies. The article concludes that the success of community participation in externally funded health projects with relatively short implementation timeframes requires engagement with existing communitybased organizations and agencies. In Cambodia, where Theravada Buddhism is the dominant religion, pagodas and associated volunteers appear to represent such an organization. Community participation structured around pagoda volunteers – who are held in high esteem within their local communities – is more effective and sustainable than newly (and externally) established community structures with formally elected representatives. Pagodas and associated volunteers in rural Cambodia offer the advantages of effective leadership, local organization, resource mobilization and management. It is recommended that programmes and agencies wishing to adopt community participation strategies in health utilize participatory research to identify the most appropriate local organization to lead such initiatives. 399.pdf
    Health facilities and health reform
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Nov 00 Jacobs B A patient profile and analysis of direct costs for hospitalization - Maung Russay Referral Hospital, Battambang Province This study is conducted to identify ways to increase the monthly revenue of Maung Russay District Referral Hospital, Battambang province, while considering minimization of its economic impact at household. hospital_costs.pdf
    30 Nov 01 Sheryl Keller, MPH, MSN

    J. Brad Schwartz, PHD
    CONTRACTING FOR HEALTH SERVICES PILOT PROJECT (CHSPP) The Asian Development Bank (ADB), through a Project Preparation Technical Assistance (PPTA) Grant funded by the Government of Japan, commissioned an independent external evaluation of the ADB loan-financed Contracting for Health Services Pilot Project (CHSPP) in Cambodia from 7 June – 6 November 2001. HSR-095_Contracting_for_Health_Services_Pilot_Project_(CHSPP).doc
    30 Aug 02 Sheryl Keller CONTRACTING IN CAMBODIA 2nd Phase Health Sector Support Project 2003-2007 CONTRACTING IN CAMBODIA HSR-095_Contracting_for_Health_Services_Pilot_Project_(CHSPP).doc
    Health policy issues
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Sep 99 John Holloway, Dr. Uy Vengky, Chom Sok, Keo Sithana, Ouang Lany, Chan Leakana... Report on the Baseline Demand Survey for the Health Services for the Urban Poor Project This report focuses on the findings from the health services for the urban poor (HSUP)component of the BDS. The purpose of the HSUP component is to increase the utilisation of primary and secondary quality health care services by the urban poor through improved quality and removal of social and economic barriers to access. The experience of working to provide these services in an urban context will also inform the development of policy for improving the health status of the urban poor. HSurbanpoor.pdf
    01 Jul 02 Andrea Crossland and Tim Conway Review of Mechanisms to Improve Equity in Access to Health Care, Cambodia This report reviews experiences to date with pilot pro-poor health financing schemes in Cambodia, focusing in particular on the use of equity funds to compensate health facilities for the provision of exemptions from user fees to poor patients. cam02.pdf
    30 Apr 98 National Public Health and Research Institute
    In collaboration with WHO and GTZ
    The demand for health care in Cambodia The survey showed some important differences in public health facility utilization between ADD and non-ADD areas. This probably reflects, however, the selection of ADD areas, many of which were chosen due to existing facilities, and human and material resources. It is inconclusive, therefore, that the provision of technical equipment and materials alone is sufficient to significantly increase utilization in public health facilities. The_demand_for_health_care_in_Cambodia.pdf
    01 Aug 94 MINISTRY OF HEALTH
    NATIPNAL MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH CENTRE
    National Vitamin A Policy and Implementation Document - August 1994 This document is a synthesis of workshop recommendations on policy and strategies for a national Vitamin A programme. Provisions in this document have been presented to and endorsed by the MCH Sub-Committee. NUT-051.pdf
    01 Mar 97 Unicef The Cambodian Child: Royal support to Child Rights issues and HIV/AIDS prevention On 28 December 1996 His Majesty Norodom Sihanouk, King of Cambodia called and chaired a three hour working session on the issue of Child Rights which was attended by ministers of Education, Social Affairs and Industry and some parliamentarians. His Majesty stressed the need for additional legislation to reflect the Convention on the Rights of the Child in Cambodia's laws and decrees and expressed his active support for programmes working towards the elimination of hazardous and exploitative child labour. UNICEF.pdf
    Jan 2003 Ministry of Health Health Sector Strategic Plan 2003-2007 - Cambodian Ministry of Health (English Summary) The purpose of the strategic plan is to provide direction to the development of the health sector over the next 5 years. The government's intention is that it is used to focus and guide the actions of the Ministry of Health and all stakeholders so that everyone works towards making a difference, to meeting the government's planned outcomes.

    For the first time given six priority areas of work and twenty strategies, eight of them core ones, all of which
    have been identified through talking with those interested in making a difference. Everyone must focus on
    these if we are to make a difference.
    Eng_Summary.pdf
    Jan 2003 Ministry of Health Health Sector Strategic Plan 2003-2007 - Cambodian Ministry of Health (English Vol 1) In summary, the policy asserts that all people in Cambodia, of whatever gender, age, place of residence or ability to pay, should have equal access to good-quality, basic and essential specialised health services, staffed
    by competent health professionals, and at a cost people can afford; that they should have information that empowers them to make informed choices about matters affecting the health and well-being of themselves and their families.
    Eng_Vol_1.pdf
    Jan 2003 Ministry of Health Health Sector Strategic Plan 2003-2007 - Cambodian Ministry of Health (Khmer Summary) The purpose of the strategic plan is to provide direction to the development of the health sector over the next 5 years. The government's intention is that it is used to focus and guide the actions of the Ministry of Health and all stakeholders so that everyone works towards making a difference, to meeting the government's planned outcomes.

    For the first time given six priority areas of work and twenty strategies, eight of them core ones, all of which
    have been identified through talking with those interested in making a difference. Everyone must focus on
    these if we are to make a difference.
    Kh_Summary.pdf
    Jan 2003 Ministry of Health Health Sector Strategic Plan 2003-2007- Cambodian Ministry of Health (Khmer Vol 1) In summary, the policy asserts that all people in Cambodia, of whatever gender, age, place of residence or ability to pay, should have equal access to good-quality, basic and essential specialised health services, staffed
    by competent health professionals, and at a cost people can afford; that they should have information that empowers them to make informed choices about matters affecting the health and well-being of themselves and their families.
    Kh_Vol_1.pdf
    31 Dec 02 Dr. Mellmann
    and
    Kompong Thom Referral Hospital Team
    QUALITY GUIDELINES PROPOSED FOR these standards and guidelines is to provide a framework for developing the Provincial Referral Hospital Kampong Thom (KTRH). The intention is to implement these quality standards over the next five years, in accordance with the Health Sector Strategic Plan 2003-2007and the Complementary Package of Activities (CPA). HOS-039_Quality_Guideline_Proposed_for_Kp__Thom_hospital_draf.zip
    01 Apr 02 Andrea Crossland and Tim Conway Health System Resource center The DFID Health Systems Resource Centre (HSRC) provides technical assistance and information to the British Government's Department for International Development (DFID) and its partners in support of pro-poor health policies, financing and services HSR-041Review_of_Mechanisms_to_Improve_Equity_in_Access_to_He.doc
    30 Mar 02 Natalie Grove
    Pat Naidoo
    Margaret Ward
    Lauren Weller
    WORKING THE SYSTEM:Cambodian health provider's response to health sector reform One of the conclusions of the study is that there is potential to improve the HCP by incorporating providers' sense of roles and responsibilities, especially as they relate to the community. Secondly the 'manoeuvring' in the health centre is a complex response that is not motivated by economic goals alone. However it is clear that manoeuvring will continue while ever the mismatch between expectations of the staff and the resources available to them continues. In addition there is evidence that manoeuvring is representative of strong and creative leadership in many instances, and that there is substantial capacity at the health centre level to develop management skills. The current environment however is resistant to decentralisation and there is little experience of decision making responsibilities being held at lower levels such as the OD and the health centres. And finally this paper concludes that regardless of the strategies employed by donor agencies and the MoH, health providers will support reform to the extent that reform is congruent with provider's needs and their professional roles HSR-142_Working_the_System__Cambodian_Health_Provider__s__Res.doc
    13 May 03 Government government decree 1 government decree degree.pdf
    01 Jan 03 Steve Fabricant, Ph.D.
    Health Economics and Financing Consultant
    Cost Analysis of Essential Health Services in Cambodia This study was commissioned by WHO/Cambodia to measure the costs of the Minimum and Complementary Package of Activities. Costs of services at provincial hospitals, ODO referral hospitals and Health Centers were measured over three months in 2002. Cost comparisons between contracting-in, contracting-out, and non-contracting health facilities were made. Cambodia_Cost_Study_Part1.doc
    01 Feb 04 Steve Fabricant, Ph.D.
    Health Economics and Financing Consultant
    Cost of Essential Health Services, Part 2 To the previous study of costs of MPA and CPA, this study adds the costs of district and provincial management, and the costs of national health programs and national referral hospitals. Cost_Analysis_Part_2_Final.doc
    HIV AIDS prevention
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Jun 00 World Health Organization 100% Condom Use Program in Entertainment Establishments Female sex workers (SWs) usually become infected with HIV from infected male clients who do not use condoms with them when having sex. Once infected with HIV, sex workers may then transmit the virus to other male clients, who may infect their wives, girlfriends or other sex workers. This is directly due to low levels of condom use in commercial sex.
    In an effort to reduce the spread of HIV, many countries have tried to increase condom use in commercial sex. Most interventions have focused on educating SWs and providing condom supplies. These efforts have included community education campaigns and the provision of STI treatment.
    ntdaddy.asp
    04 Feb 11 RACHA USE OF CONTRACEPTIVE METHODS AMONG PLHIV
    IN KOH KONG PROVINCE, CAMBODIA
    Cambodia is not only one of the poorest countries in South East Asia, it also has the worst health condition and high HIV prevalence in the region.1 The Cambodian Demographic Health survey 2005 shows that 0.6% of Cambodian adults age 15-49 are infected with HIV. Koh Kong province has the second highest HIV prevalence level next to Phnom Penh.2 Koh Kong is one of the five provinces covered by RACHA where it works on home-based care (HBC) and orphans and vulnerable children (OVC) program. RACHA with funding by USAID has been working on HIV/AIDS prevention as one component of its maternal, newborn and child health (MNCH) program. It has conducted community mapping in Koh Kong and has identified 627 PLHIV of which 53% were women. RACHA works to integrate family planning into its HBC program as it aims to extend comprehensive care to PLHIV. This assessment looks into the profile of HIV infected couples in Koh Kong and their use of contraceptive methods as prevention for both conception and HIV transmission USE OF CONTRACEPTIVE METHODS AMONG PLHIV in KK.pdf
    IEC BCC marketing concepts materials
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Jan 92 World Education Prey Veng Health Education Project These lessons are meant to be a guide for you to use when teaching in the community. Using group discussion, pictures, short stories and demonstrations, these lessons help you teach in a participatory style rather than using lecture style. PUH.pdf
    01 Jul 99 Jill Sherman
    IEC Consultant
    Recommendations for IEC at RACHA 1999-2000 and Beyond This consultancy report includes a number of recommended next steps, activities, as well as approaches, to strengthen Racha IEC component. For the longer term, three levels of strategies are offered as alternatives, depending the level of funding that is available in the future. RACHA.pdf
    11 Apr 01 Health Messenger Nutrition Of Children (Health Messenger, Issue 11, April 2002) We need different types of nutrients. No one food provides all the nutrients needed to be healthy and different foods produce different nutrients. This is why we have to get a variety of
    foods every day. Moreover, the amount and type of nutrients we need depend upon whether we are young or old, male or female, sick or healthy and whether we do a lot of physical work or not.
    Issue_11.pdf
    13 Oct 02 Health Messenger Antenental Care (Health Messenger: Issue 13, October 2002) In Cambodia, every year more
    than 2,000 women die of complications
    related to pregnancy and childbirth.
    Most of these deaths can be prevented if women receive proper care. Good antenatal care can reduce many risks of death, sickness and disability for both mothers and infants. Therefore, it is important to increase attendance to antenatal care, especially through outreach activities.
    Issue_13.pdf
    IMCI
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    Jan 2003 MOH/IMCI/WHO/UNICEF IMCI Mother's Home Care Card A 4-page leaflet used to counsel mothers with sick children at the health center. The Home Care Card describes ways to care for sick children, gives infant and young child feeding recommendations, and describes danger signs of severly ill children. The Home Care Card was developed for use by IMCI-trained health center staff, who use it to counsel mothers during visits to the health center. IMCI_Mother_s_Home_Care_Card.pdf
    01 Jul 02 AMI Health Messenger Magazine - IMCI Health Messenger Magazine is published by AMI in English and Khmer. Issue 12 was published in July 2002 and offers 79 pages of information on IMCI. For a copy of this issue, contact hmess@bigpond.com.kh. Health_Msgr_Magazine_-_IMCI.pdf
    Immunization and child health
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Jul 00 Parco K & Jacobs B Assessment of Maung Russay health centres' vaccination campaigns This report provides an assessment on the effectiveness of the vaccination campaigns in Mong Russay Operational District, Battambang province, and recommendations for improving the vaccination campaign in the district. EPI_Moung_Russey.pdf
    01 Dec 00 Ministry of Health National Strategy Immuzation in Cambodia The National Strategy on Immunization in Cambodia contains objectives for
    routine immunization coverage, polio eradication, neonatal tetanus elimination, measles control, vitamin A deficiency, new interventions, injection safety, and vaccine wastage.
    The strategies and activities necessary for achieving these objectives are included in the work plan. A time line for performing these activities is also in the work plan.
    EPI-007.pdf
    Jan 2003 Cambodian Ministry of Health Immunization sticker - MoH A large sticker in Khmer encouraging caretakers to get their children immunized at least 5 times before age 1. Immunization_sticker.pdf
    Improvement for capacity building
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    30 Apr 03 Thwinna JOINT ANNUAL HEALTH SECTOR REVIEW 2003 Annual Health sector review performance HSR_-_152_Annual_Health_Sector_Performance_Review_03.doc
    30 May 02 Dr Carolyn Sunners
    HealthNet International
    Improving Quality of Care Kratie Provincial Hospital  In January 2000, HealthNet International (HNI) took over a project supporting public health services in Kratie Province. One of the main aims of the project was to improve public health facilities by developing high quality care, with a focus on the provincial hospital in Kratie town. The main strategies used were the introduction of a co-financing scheme using patient fees and donor contribution to supplement staff salaries and concomitant technical assistance to improve quality of care directly. HSR-136_Improving_Quality_of_Care_at_Kratie_Provincial_Hospit.zip
    Informational and educational
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    Jan 2003 MOH/NCHP/AUSAID AUSAID Anti-Smoking leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer about the dangers of smoking on peoples' health. AUSAID_Anti-Smoking_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 NCHP/ADRA/WHO ADRA Anti-Smoking leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer about the dangers of smoking on people's health. ADRA_Anti-Smoking_leaflet.pdf
    01 Feb 02 The Essential Drug Bureau of the Ministry of health and RACHA The Drug Logistics Wall Chart for Health Centers - An evaluation Following the development and national distribution of 1000 logistics health center wall charts. A survey was conducted to evaluate the impact of this job aid. This activity is funded by UNFPA and implemented by the Essential Drug Bureau and the National Center for health Promotion with the technical assistance of RACHA.

    ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS.doc

    APPENDIX_1_-_list_of_HCs.doc

    Institutional development
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 May 01 RACHA Whole Health - Achieving Results and Developing Sustainability in low Resource Environments At rare times a particular set of teams and strategies coalesce that have the possibility to make a serious positive difference in health, potentially for a whole country. This paper briefly outlines one such program in Cambodia. The Reproductive and Child Health Alliance (RACHA) is an innovative program that draws upon some tried and true principles of community engagement and health system linkages. It is one of Cambodia's most successful programs, and one with lessons to be shared within and outside of Cambodia. Whole_Health.pdf
    IUDs and Norplan
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    Jan 2003 RACHA/MOH RACHA IUD leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer containing information about the use of IUD's in family planning. RACHA_IUD_leaflet.pdf
    Logistics Management
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Oct 99 Ministry of Health - Dept. of Health Planning and Information Health Situation Analysis 1998 and Future Direction for Health Department A brief overview of the health situation in Cambodia, the national health policy and plans for future programs. HealthSit99.pdf
    01 Nov 99 Ministry of Health - Nancy Fronczak Description and Assessment of Contracting Health Services Pilot Project An assessment of piloted contracting health services in five Cambodian provinces, which is testing two models contacting to achieve health system development and service coverage. DesAssess.pdf
    01 Dec 99 Veronica Walford, Delna Ghandhi, Michael Greaves, Mean Chhi Vun, William Piggot, Sissel Hodne Steen Mid-Term Review of the Health Sector Reform Phase III Project The objective of the Health Sector Reform Phase III project is to increase poor people's access to ad use of good qulaity health services. This is a review of progress against the outputs and objectives of the project.

    RevHealthSect1.pdf

    RevHealthSect2.pdf

    01 Mar 00 RACHA RACHA Activity Photobook: EDB Information Systems for Supply Management Text and photo report of the Essential Drug systems management and activities. LogisticsPhotoKh.pdf
    01 Dec 99 MoH, WHO, DFiD, NORAD Project Document: Health Sector Reform Phase III The Health Sector Reform Project (HSR) - Phase III 1998-2000 (Phases I and II were known as the Strengthening Health Systems Project - SHS), with funding from UNDP, DFID, NORAD, WHO and executed by Ministry of Health/WHO is a joint UN agencies-bilateral donors and Royal Government of Cambodia initiative to further implement policies and strategies developed during Phase II support of the SHS project. The purpose of the project will be to contribute to the reduction of poverty in Cambodia through the development of quality basic health services particularly in rural areas. Phase III, to be executed by the Ministry of Health, envisages a rapid transfer to and increased capacity of Ministry of Health managers, a phasing-out of long term in-country technical support, and an increase of direct resources and budgetary support to the sector. The end point of the project will be the development of a Ministry of Health managed sector wide approach to health system management. UNDPDocHSRP3.pdf
    01 Jan 02 Tim Conway
    Susan Beckerleg
    Cambodia Health Sector Support Programme: Monitoring and Evaluation, and Social Assessment Issues This document discusses the findings from the initial (World Bank) pre-appraisal. Regarding monitoring and evaluation arrangements, section 2 provides a preliminary set of observations and recommendations. Further analysis is recommended to obtain feedback on the viability of the proposed M&E arrangements, and to cost them properly. Most critically, much of the detail of the M&E systems to be put in place cannot be specified until key project design decisions (e.g. what components will be national in scope and which will be developed in selected provinces; the number and identity of these provinces; etc.) have been made. cam01.pdf
    01 May 01 ASIAN DEVELOPMENT BANK Technical Assistance To Cambodia For The Second Basic Health Services Project This report includes a detailed project feasibility for the Cambodian Government and ADB to consider. The proposed project will cover 27 operational districts in five provinces that are currently included in the ongoing Basic Health Services Project. The tentative ADB assistance is $35 million. In each operational district, the proposed project will pursue the objectives listed in this report. FOR_THE_SECOND_BASIC_HEALTH_SERVICES_PROJECT.pdf
    07 May 99 HEALTH SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT PROJECT Planning Workshop (ZOPP V) for the Second Phase of the Cambodian-German Health Project A planning workshop for the second phase of the Cambodian-German Health Project entitled "Training of Health Personnel and Family Planning" was conducted at the National Institute of Public Health on May 4, 5, and 7, 1999. The objective of this workshop was to define the objectives for the second project phase and to develop strategies to accomplish these objectives. HSR-097.pdf
    Jan 2003 USAID and Measure DHS Health Status and Utilization of Health Services - A Seminar Presentation A seminar presentation on health status and utilization of health services including:
    - Accidental death or injury
    - Physical impairment
    - Utilization of health services for treatment due to illnesses or injuries
    hx_status_Service_use.ppt
    18 Feb 02 Essental Drug Beuru Essential Drug List Essential Drug List Essential_Drug_List.pdf
    01 07 04 Situational Analysis DRUG- 039 Pharmaceutical Sector The Department of Drugs and Food in the Ministry of Health is responsible for the quality and control of pharmaceuticals in Cambodia. For the purposes of this work, Food Safety Bureau in the Department will not be considered. DRUG-_039_Pharmaceutical_Sector.doc
    09 Jun 03 Pharmacien Sans Frantiere-commote international and the drug and Food Department. Essential Drug Basic Information for Health Center Staff and Drug Seller Drug Booklet DRU_038_Essentail_Drug_BookletEVersion.pdf
    08 Jan 03 UnKnow Situational Analysis Pharmaceutical Sector in cambodia Situational Analysis Pharmaceutical sector DRUG-_039_Pharmaceutical_Sector.doc
    01 Jun 03 Steve Fabricant, Ph.D.
    Health Economics and Financing Consultant
    Secondary Analysis of CDHS 2000: Selected Variables Disaggregated by Wealth Ranking, Urban/Rural Differentials The data from CDHS 2000 was reanalyzed using wealth rankings to provide a look at health equity issues. Health status and behavioural factors are ranked on an equity scale. Cambodia_DHSS_Draft.rev2.doc
    Malaria
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    Jan 2003 AUSAID/MOH/NCHP AUSAID Malaria leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer containing information about signs and symptoms of malaria and malaria testing methods. AUSAID_Malaria_leaflet.pdf
    01 Jul 00 AMI Health Messenger Magazine - Malaria Health Messenger Magazine is published by AMI in English and Khmer. Issue 6 was published in July 2000 and offers 67 pages of information on malaria. For a copy of this issue, contact hmess@bigpond.com.kh. Health_Msgr_Magazine_-_Malaria.pdf
    01 07 04 The drug situation on the Cambodian-Thai border
    Boukheng Thavrin
    DRU 037 Community drug use pratice in malaria 1 Community drug use practices in malaria in Cambodia: a cross-sectional study DRU_037_Community_drug_use_pratice_in_malaria.ppt
    Male and female sterilization
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Dec 01 RACHA Improving Access to Voluntary Surgical Contraception Services In Kampot, Pursat, and Siem Reap Provinces, Cambodia Voluntary Surgical Contraception (VSC) for tubal ligation (TL) and non-scalpel vasectomy (NSV), although showing a slight increase since its introduction in 1997 (Kampot, Pursat and Siem Reap), remains quite low. Among the responsible factors are lack of information for both health staffs and potential clients and limited access. The Ministry of Health, with technical assistance from RACHA, designed a pilot study in order to evaluate cost as a factor of access and an influence on the acceptance rate. During a six-month period, clients' travel costs and hospital fees were paid by RACHA. A potential candidate and their partner received counseling by trained midwives. When they made their choice for VSC, both partners signed an informed consent form. Surgeons filled in a special questionnaire for each man and women requesting VSC. Information sessions were organized in each referral hospital and posters provided to the health centers, announcing the free services for the period July 1 – December 31, 2001. _15_Studies__VSC_Full_Report_in_English.pdf
    NRP Program
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Dec 06 RACHA NRP Training Program THE NEONATAL RESUSCITATION SKILLS TRAINING PROGRAM IN CAMBODIA

    Its Impact on the Health Care Professionals' Competency in Newborn Resuscitation
    ABSTRACT FOR PUBLICATION.pdf
    01 Dec 06 RACHA NRP Training Document The Neonatal Resuscitation Program conducted in Cambodia was limited to a basic curriculum which excludes chest compression, intubation and medications. The country-wide Neonatal Resuscitation Skills Training Program covered only the following topics: 1. Overview and Principles of Resuscitation, Lesson 2. Initial Steps in Resuscitation, and 3. Use of Resuscitation Bag and Mask. The reference material used was the Neonatal Resuscitation Textbook published by the American Academy of Pediatrics and American Heart Association in 2000. NRP Research Publishable Form.pdf
    Nutrition and child health
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Jun 00 Yin Keto Marak
    CWS kandal
    Dr Ir Juliawati Untoro
    SEAMEO Tropmed Regional Center for Community Nutrition
    University of Indonesia
    Nutritional Assessement in Districts of Kien Svay and Lvea Em, Kandal Province This study was conducted by Church World Service (CWS)as a way of obtaining accurate baseline data on nutritional status in two districts of Kandal province, Kien Svay and Lvei Em. The results provide an interesting picture. While nowadays Kandal (and in particular Kien Svay) is often being portrayed as a non-priority area for poverty reduction interventions, due to its proximity to the capital Phnom Penh and to the Mekong and Bassac rivers, there are certainly pockets where levels of distress and malnutrition are alarming. About seventy percent of children under five suffer from acute respiratory infections, and almost fifty percent of these children were reported to have suffered from diarrhea in the week preceding the interview with the mothers. Stunting and underweight figures were high, though not so high as in some other parts of Cambodia. However,...... CWS.pdf
    07 Feb 92 Department of Foreign Affair, Irland and
    Department for International Development
    Bellagio Meeting on Vitamin A Deficiency and Childhood Mortility This paper describes Save the Children Fund-UK's Food Economy Approach to analysing household food security, adopted by the organization in the early 1990s. The paper details the way in which the access of individual households to food, both in `normal' and `bad' years, is identified and quantified. The paper examines the conceptual background to the model, asking "what is the food economy approach?", "what is it used for?", "how does it work?" and "who does what?". It goes on to detail the development of the `baseline picture',how different families in a particular food economy area normally obtain food and non-food income. Information gathering, quantification and calculation methodologies are discussed with the aid of pie-charts and tables. Three case studies examine the application of the approach in southern Sudan, northern Kenya and Rwanda. NUT-006.pdf
    01 Feb 97 HELEN KELLER
    International
    Findings from the HKI Baseline Survey in Takeo Province, Cambodia, Part 1: Food Consumption Questionnaire February 1997 The HKI Food Frequency Questionnaire was administered in July and August 1996 to 480 caretakers of preschool children (12-59 months old) in randomly selected households in 16 randomly selected communities in Samrong District and Tram Kak District in the Province of Takeo. Approximately the same number of girls and boys were selected. More five year olds were included in the survey than expected, possibly because of age misclassification. Almost all of the caretakers interviewed with the children's mother. The purpose of this questionnaire was to evaluate (i) whether or not the consumption of vitamin A-rich foods was adequate, (ii) which vitamin A-rich foods are being consumed and with what frequency in order to inform the nutrition communications strategy, (iii) key washing behaviors that transmit diarrheal pathogens and trachoma, and (iv) how soon infants are introduced to vitamin A-rich colostrum after birth. HKI_TA.pdf
    Jan 2003 HKI/MOH/USAID HKI Iodized Salt leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer containing information about the importance of iodine for children. Encourages mothers to incorporate iodized salt into the family's diet. HKI_Iodized_Salt_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 HKI/MOH/USAID HKI Iodized Salt leaflet #2 A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer containing information about the importance of iodine for pregnant women. Encourages women to use iodized salt as a way of getting iodine into the diet. HKI_Iodized_Salt_leaflet2.pdf
    Jan 2003 HKI/MOH/USAID HKI Iodized Salt leaflet #3 A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer describing the importance of iodine and showing foods which are high in iodine. Also encourages people to use iodized salt. HKI_Iodized_Salt_leaflet3.pdf
    Jan 2003 HKI/Rotary Intl/MOH/USAID HKI Vitamin A leaflet A 4-page leaflet showing the importance of Vitamin A in children, particularly regarding eye health. Also shows foods naturally high in Vitamin A. HKI_Vitamin_A_leaflet.pdf
    01 Apr 02 AMI Health Messenger Magazine - Nutrition Health Messenger Magazine is published by AMI in English and Khmer. Issue 11 was published in April 2002 and offers 84 pages of information on nutrition of children. For a copy of this issue, contact hmess@bigpond.com.kh. Health_Msgr_Magazine_-_Nutrition.pdf
    22 Apr 03 CESVI CAMBODIA
    and
    Department of Paediatrics, San Paolo Hospital – University of Medicine - Milan, Italy
    INFLUENCE OF MICRONUTRIENTS SUPPLEMENTATIONIN MORTALITY, MORBIDITY AND GROWTH PATTERN IN RURAL CAMBODIAN INFANTS IN THE FIRST 2 YEARS OF LIFE This study is conducted in 9 rural villages with low socio-economic status in the district of Tuk Phos, Kompong Chhnang province, Cambodia. Each village has been randomly selected between those who have a population of more than 1000 people.
    Tuk Phos is a poor, rural area, around 90 Km northwest of Phnom Penh. CESVI has been working in the province since 1996 (water and sanitation) and on health projects since 2001. Good relationship with PHD, OD1 and the HCs of Tuk Phos give us the confidence of a good working cooperation and relationship, also on this project.
    The study has been submitted to the Cambodian Ethical Committee.
    Written consent of a parent or a legal guardian will be obtained, according to the guidelines of the Committee for health research in Cambodia (see annex).
    People living in the area, are farmers, predominantly rice producers.
    The diet of the infant is typical of rural Cambodians: "bobor", a rice porridge with salt and sugar, while animal production consumption is very low.
    NUT-066_Influence_of_Micronutrients_supplementation_in_Mortal.zip
    June 2010 Public Scaling Up Nutrition A FRAMEWORK FOR ACTION A FRAMEWORK FOR ACTION In January 2008 The Lancet—one of the world's most highly respected medical journals— issued a special five-part series on nutrition.1 This series filled a longstanding gap by marshalling systematic evidence of the impact of undernutrition on infant and child mortality and its largely irreversible long term effects on health and on cognitive and physical development. It also demonstrated the availability of proven interventions that could address these problems and save millions of lives. The Lancet set of interventions focused on the "window of opportunity" from minus 9 to 24 months (i.e. from pregnancy to two years old) for high impact in reducing death and disease and avoiding irreversible harm. Other studies drawing on a similar set of interventions, have demonstrated very high costeffectiveness, with high returns to cognitive development, individual earnings and economic growth. SUN_FRAMEWORK_FOR_ACTION_NUTRITION_POLICY.pdf
    22 04 11 United Nations System • Standing Committee on Nutrition 6th Report On The World Nutrition Situation The Sixth report on the world nutrition situation focuses on "Progress in Nutrition" and confi rms that there has been notable progress in the reduction of undernutrition in some countries. Control of iodine defi ciency, for example, is a success story in progress. Vitamin A defi ciency is gradually being controlled either when measured by serum retinol levels or clinical signs of the defi ciency. The reader will also fi nd out what the trends are for stunting and underweight and how these trends differ geographically. However, this report clearly delivers the message that despite progress, quick acceleration of efforts is needed for bringing actions to scale. SCN_report_6th_Report.pdf
    Poorest Cambodians
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    06 Sep 02 Dr. Ir Por, Deputy Medical Coordinator MSF H/B
    & Mr Sour Iyong, Director of CAAFW
    HEALTH EQUITY FUND in Sotnikum & Thmar Pouk operational districts Health Equity Fund Equity_Fund_presentation_at_Medicam_Por.ppt
    30 Aug 02 Ministry Of Health HEALTH SECTOR STRATEGIC PLAN 2003-2007 The vision of the strategic plan is to really make a difference, for the better, to the health of the people of Cambodia.
    The purpose of the strategic plan is to provide direction to the development of the health sector over the next 5 years.
    Eng_Summary.pdf
    30 Nov 02 MoH, NIPH, MoP, GTZ Consultation Meetings with the Poor:PRSP- Health As this study involves only the poor groups, the starting point of the discussion was to discuss a little bit about how they themselves define the poor and why. They define the poor into two categories by using theKhmer word Kror and Toal. Kror means they still have food to eat but are unable to save anything from what they earn, have no money to send children to school, can not afford to pay medical care at hospital, live in a small thatch house etc., while Toal they just simply rely on daily labor, do not have enough food to eat "Ban Preuk Kvas Lngeach" meaning you have enough food for the morning but not enough for the evening. Thus, struggling for food is the main concerns for the toal people. And usually they are in debt. POR-115_Poverty___Health_(PRSP_consultations_with_the_poor).doc
    Quality improvement
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Jan 00 Tom Hricko, Dr. Bun Mao, Danial Rudder, Dr. Marcel Reyners COPE Photobook A photo book of RACHA sponsored quality service improvment at health centers in Cambodia. COPEPhotoKhmer.pdf
    01 Mar 00 RACHA The COPE Process: Improving Quality for both Staff and Clients Recognizing that staff and clients are the experts on the quality of services at their facility, AVSC designed a self-assessment technique that involves staff—with the help of their clients—in identifying and solving the problems that hinder the quality of their service. This process was called COPE, because its goal is to make services Client-Oriented and Provider-Efficient. The active involvement of both staff and their clients will increase the likelihood that the quality improvement is ongoing.

    This is a short report descibing the general program and successes of the COPE program in two operational districts.
    COPEProENG.pdf
    01 Dec 99 RACHA COPE a Qualitative Evaluation "COPE" stands for 'Client Orientated, Provider Efficient'. COPE is introduced by Engender Health (formerly AVSC International) aims to improve quality of services by meeting both the rights of the client, as well as the needs of the staff.

    This evaluation provides a report on areas where COPE has and has not been effective in improving the quality of services at Health Centers in Kampong Trach and Angkor Chey districts, Kampot province. It also provide an assessment of the impact of COPE on staff perceptions of roles and responsibilities within the Health Center, including their relationships with Health Center Chiefs, and staff from Operational District and provincial level.
    COPE_Qualitative_Evaluation.pdf
    Safe Motherhood
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 Jan 97 National Assembly Abortion Directive - Cambodia English language text of Cambodia's current abortion directive AbortionLaw.doc
    01 Jul 99 RACHA Rural Women and Health Center Use, Staff Employment, and Health Seeking Behavior - Sampov Meas District, Pursat Province This study is conducted in Sampov Meas district, Pursat province, Cambodia, to gain insight into: (1) health center operationas and use by villagers residing in the center's catchment area; (2) health center staff allocation of work time; (3) the relationship between government employment and private practice; (4) health-seeking behavior patterns of village women for self- and child-health care; and (5) specifically for midwives, their allocation of work time, the connection between government employment and private practice, and medium-term career asprirations.

    RuralWomenKhmer.pdf

    RuralWomenEng.pdf

    01 Jun 00 RACHA Nuns by the Truckload - Khmer language Text (in Khmer) and photo report of RACHA health promotion inititive of Buddhist nun mobilized to disseminate correct breastfeeding information is Pursat town, Camdodia. NunTruckKH.pdf
    01 Jan 00 RACHA RACHAs Basic Life Saving Skills Program: Competency-Based Training for Cambodian Midviwes In addition to producing competent and qualified graduates, RACHA's Basic Life
    Saving Skills (LSS) training program for midwives has led to a number of exciting and unexpected developments. Through the training of just a handful of active midwives, RACHA is beginning to make a dent in Cambodia's troubled health care system.
    LSS.pdf
    01 Dec 97 Dr. Mam Bun Heng Safe Motherhood : National Policy and Strategies - December 1997 This is a national strategy which provides broad guidelines that should be used by all sectors of the Ministry of Health and other related ministries, in particular the Ministries of Women's Affairs and Rural Development, International Organisations, bilateral agencies and NGOs. This is to ensure that Safe Motherhood does not become a vertical programme but that all its components are integrated into existing Maternal and Child Health/Birth Spacing (MCH/BS) and related programmes.

    The main focus of the policy will be on improving maternity care services including child spacing and nutrition at all levels of the health care delivery system starting from the family and the community. It will also aim at behavioural and societal changes at community and service delivery levels in order to improve community participation.
    SMPolStrActi.doc
    01 Jul 97 UNFPA - Sarah Knibbs & Vann Sophal Adolescent Reproductive Health and the Role of the Media in Cambodia An in-country situation analysis research report for the AIDCOM project focusing on adolescent reproductive health, knowledge, sexual behavior and the affect of the media and NGOs on adolescent knowledge and behavior. AdolReproHealth.pdf
    01 Jan 98 Ministry of Health, NRHP and UNFPA Reproductive Health in Cambodia: A Summary of Research Findings 1990-1998 The purpose of this review is to summarize the key findings of recent research on reproductive health. It was undertaken to aid in the design of a National IEC Strategy on Reproductive Health. In addition; the summary format may also benefit other researchers, program designers, planners, managers, health care workers, and other program staff working in the area of reproductive health, by making the rapidly growing body of research more accessible. The main findings of the review as well as future research needs are summarized in this report. ReproHealthCam.pdf
    01 Nov 99 CARE International - Sohia Spechmann Baseline Survey for the Factory Based Reproductive Health Program in Phnom Penh the baseline survey was conducted to allow for the evaluation of the effects of Participatory Learning Action (PLA) activities at the end of the project. An evaluation survey will be conducted in March 2000, and it is expected that the results will provide a good understanding of the appropriateness, successes and failures of PLA techniques. BaseSur.pdf
    01 Sep 99 PATH - Research Team Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices on Sterilization Methods - "A Baseline Assessment with Reproductive Age Women and Men in Cambodia" Research to identify and descride the knowledge, attitudes and practices around sterilization of women and men of reproductive age in Cambodia. KAPSter.pdf
    01 Jul 00 Parco K & Jacobs B Knowledge, attitude and practices of traditional birth attendants in Maung Russay: scope and ways for improvement A report from a study of TBAs' knowledge, attitude and practices regarding labour and delivery with the aim to develop strategies to improve the TBAs' health care provision during and after deliveries in Maung Russay District, Battambang province. KAP_TBAs_Moung_Russey.pdf
    01 Aug 00 RACHA A Study of Birth Spacing in Siem Reap Province: Dropout and Late Clients This study is carried out in Siem Reap province to obtain information about the factors associated with the discontinuation of birth spacing method or being late to obtain scheduled services.
    a_study_birthspace.pdf
    11 May 00 Arlys M. Herem, GTZ Curriculum Analysis for the Midwife Curriculum Development Group This report provides an analysis of current midwifery training program, and recommendations to a Working Group for supporting its decision making, including how to upgrade skills of current midwives, what midwifery training might be provided to nurses and how to provide such training, and provision for training of new midwives. Curriculum_of_midwife.pdf
    01 Aug 99 RACHA Midwife Life Saving Skills Program - Photo Essay Photo essay of TBA's in training and at work. MidwifeLSS.pdf
    01 May 98 RACHA Rural Women and Health Center Use, Staff Employment, and Health Seeking Behaviour (Khmer language) A bulletin report pertaining to reproductive and child health care services in Sampov Meas district in Pursat province, Cambodia. RuralWomenKhmer.pdf
    01 Aug 99 UNFPA - Dr. Sara Martin, Kruv Kim Horn, Boen Chan Born, Uy, Sokeo, Helen Pickering Socio-Cultural Research and Training in Support of Reproductive Health in Cambodia (Part I) A collection of research reports focusing on reprocuctive health, statictics and practices in Cambodia.

    monthlypill.doc

    postpartum.doc

    01 Aug 99 UNFPA - Dr. Sara Martin, Kruv Kim Horn, Boen Chan Born, Uy, Sokeo, Helen Pickering Socio-Cultural Research and Training in Support of Reproductive Health in Cambodia (Part II) A collection of research reports focusing on reprocuctive health, statictics and practices in Cambodia.

    Round1report.doc

    Round2Report.doc

    01 Jul 96 Sotia Sprechmann, Sann Chan Soeung, Helen Kerr, Chun Long and Mey Meakea Estimating the Magnitude of Maternal Mortality in Cambodia This study is conducted using siterhood method to provide an estimation of maternal mortality in Cambodia; a baseline from which to evaluate the impact of future health
    programs which aim to improve maternal health; training to personnel from various levels of the public health services in survey techniques.
    Estimating_the_Magnitude_of_Maternal_Mortality.pdf
    01 May 01 National Immunization Program (NIP)
    National Maternal and Child Health Center (NMCHC)
    National Strategy on Maternal and Neonatal Tetanus Elimination (MNTE) In Cambodia Neonatal tetanus elimination (NTE) - defined as less than I case of neonatal tetanus per 1,000 live births in each district - is one of the World Summit Goals for the year 2000.
    Considering the estimated number of neonatal tetanus cases each year in Cambodia, it is beyond doubt that elimination of neonatal tetanus would have a great impact on child survival. It is realistic to expect that Cambodia will achieve the goal of neonatal tetanus elimination by 2005 by.......
    To achieve and sustain the MNTE goal, there is a need to maintain high DPT3 coverage and introduce Td for primary school entry as well as maintaining high TT2+ coverage for CBAW through routine immunzation services. ANC visits will be important occasion to promote deliveries by skilled medical personnel and clean delivery practices, either in the health facilities or at home.
    MNTE_in_Cambodia.pdf
    01 Feb 96 RATTANA PHVONG CHAP. MD
    CLAIRE F. ESCOFFIER, MA
    Cambodian Women's Perceptions Of Fertility And Contraception This study was carried out in conjunction with four other studies looking at different aspects of "Women in socio-economic transition". These studies were initiated after a workshop held in Thailand in June 1994'aiming to compare the impact of a changing economy on women's health, education, decision-making and migration in four countries of the region: China, Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia. One of the main objectives of these studies was to train a group of Cambodian women in research, bringing into focus issues to be addressed at the Fourth World Conference on Women held in Beijing in September 1995. Another goal was to identify women interested in qualitative research in the hope that they would later benefit from further training in or outside the country. Cambodian_Women_s_Perceptions_Of_Fertility_And_Contracepti_.pdf
    01 Jul 00 Partners for Development (PFD)
    Baseline Reproductive Health KAP Survey for Women - A Final Report A Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices (KAP) survey was conducted by NorthEast Cambodia Reproductive Health Program (NCRHP) in the Chhlong Operational District of Kratie province, Cambodia, from June 14-22, 1999. The purpose of the survey was to obtain information on the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of women of reproductive age (15-45) with regard to reproduction and pregnancy, contraceptive knowledge and use, fertility preferences, STDs and AIDS, and abortion. Information from this survey serves as a baseline for NCRHP. It is also being used to guide development of Information, Education, and Communication (IEC) materials, and to focus the efforts of the program's Community-Based Distribution (CBD) workers.

    RPH-024-Eng.pdf

    RPH-024-Kh.pdf

    08 Feb 00 UNFPA Country Population Assessment - Cambodia February 2000 This report assesses the current situation in the areas of population and development,reproductive health and gender, and proposes recommendations for strategic actions for addressing identified critical needs. The situational analysis has been guided by the International Conference on Population and Development - Programme of Action (ICPD-PoA). The ICPD recognised that population and development are inextricably linked and both depend on the empowerment of women. It focused on meeting the reproductive and sexual health needs of individual women, men and couples rather than on demographic targets. The analysis aims at establishing a framework for the development of the UNFPA-assisted country programme within` the context of the country's overall strategies and needs,as well as within LNTPA's mandate and comparative advantage:UNTPA's mandate is to assist developing countries, at their request, to improve reproductive health care and to promote sustainable development. Reproductive health care includes family planning, sexual health, information and counselling, and medical services, all on the basis of individual choice. The Fund also supports integration of population into development strategies, capacity building for generating and utilising data for policies and programmes, research and training on population and development. CAC.pdf
    01 Aug 97 Patrice M. White, C.N.M., Dr.P.H.


    Study of Khmer Women's Beliefs and Practices, During Pregnancy, Birth and Postpartum Cambodia is just now emerging from over two decades of extreme isolation from
    most of the world. This study is one of the first to describe current beliefs and practices of Khmer women surrounding pregnancy and birth. While the results of this study can be used to fill gaps in understanding and will be of interest to anthropologists and other students of Khmer culture, these results can also be used to inform those determining health policy and planning health programs to decrease maternal mortality.
    SAM-016.pdf
    01 Feb 01 Partnership for Health (PfD) Follow-up Reproductive Health KAP Survey for Women and Baseline Reproductive Health KAP Survey for Men Final Report The survey is conducted in Chhlong Operational District, Kratie Province, to assess changes in married women's knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to birth spacing, STDs, HIV/AIDS and other reproductive health issues within the CBD project area; to establish baseline data for men of reproductive age for a potential reproductive health intervention; to obtain information about individual supervision areas and how they are performing relative to the baseline data and to each other; and to pilot WAS for NCCSP.
    RPH-025.pdf
    01 Jan 98 Dr. Nafis Sadik, UNFPA Executive Director A Time Between: Health, Sexuality, and Reproductive Rights of Young People The impending demands of adulthood make adolescence a time of intensive preparation. Success depends greatly on the health care and basic education provided during these fleeting years. For young women, greater control over
    sexuality and reproduction may benefit every social and economic aspect of their lives.

    The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)responds to adolescents in the context of their overall life situation, supporting activities that address their holistic well-being and help achieve their full potential. UNFPA recognizes that young people's education, health and life opportunities will determine the world's economic and social prospects in the 21st century.
    RPH-057.pdf
    01 Sep 99 Julie A Forder
    CARE International in Cambodia
    Lessons Learned During a Sexual Health Needs Assessment with Cambodia's Young Garment Workers The aim of the report is to document experiences of field-testing Participatory Learning and Action (PLA) tools with young people, in particular garment factory workers in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. It is aimed at people who have knowledge of PLA but who seek to understand how it was used in Cambodia, what was successful and what lessons were leamt. This report does not contain any detailed research findings. HAP-024.pdf
    06 Jun 96 Dr. Liz Goodburn, UNFPA Second Round Table Forum for NGOs in Birth Spacing Recommendations on birth spacing from a second round table forum for NGOs. UNFPA.pdf
    01 Jan 94 World Health organization (WHO) Preventing Prolonged Labour: A Practical Guide - The Partograph, Part II: User's Manual This manual describes the use of the partograph as a tool to help in the management of labour. A partograph is used to record all observations made on a woman in labour. Its central feature is a graph, where dilatation of the cervix as assessed by vaginal examination is plotted. By noting the rate at which the cervix dilates, it is possible to identify women whose labours are abnormally slow and who require special attention. These women are at risk of developing prolonged and obstructed labour due to cephalopelvic disproportion (CPD), which may lead to serious problems, such as ruptureduterus and death of the fetus. Other problems that may result from slow progress in labour include postpartum haemorrhage and infection. RPH-107.pdf
    01 Jan 97 Sofia Sprechmann
    Son Ngak
    Ton van der Velden

    Family Health and Spacing Project,
    Family Planning International Assistance (FHSP/FPIA) in collaboration with the United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) and CARE International in Cambodia
    Report on The IUD Acceptor - A Follow Up Study The IUD is one of the most popular contraceptive methods in urban areas of Cambodia.Despite its popularity there are a number of quality of care issues which are often raised as being of concern about the use of IUDs in Cambodia. One of the key indicators of quality of care at the time of insertion is the rate of early discontinuation of the method (i.e. less than one year). In order to determine the rate and circumstances of early discontinuation and to identify avoidable factors, FPIA in collaboration with UNFPA and CARE conducted a follow up study of IUD acceptors from the FPIA/FHSP clinic in Phnom Penh. The survey interviewed 275 IUD clients who had an IUD inserted at the FPIA/FHSP clinic in Phnom Penh between 1 October 1994 and 31 May 1996. RPH-035.pdf
    01 Jan 95 Dr. Nafis Sadik, UNFPA Executive Director, Beijing The Right to Choose: Reproductive Rights and Reproductive Health Reproductive and sexual health is a right or both men and women-so agreed 180 nations at the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in Cairo in 1994. The nations declared their goal: to achieve universal access to reproductive health information and services by the year 2015.

    Yet millions still suffer from disease, injustice, injury, stunted lives, and even death when this right is denied.

    Most of these people are women, and most of these women are in the developing world.
    RPH-056.pdf
    01 Oct 98 Racha A Mortality Study Among Women Ages between 15 - 49 This study of mortality among women ages 15-49 is related to the larger Pathway to Child Health survey, i.e., the same provinces, the same sample frame, persons were interviewed during the same time period, and the same families were interviewed. However, the focus of this study is on the deaths that occurred to women 15-49 years of age and including maternal deaths. Objectives of the investigation were: 1) to collect information on causes of and factors contributing to death among women of reproductive age 2) to estimate the proportion of deaths among women of reproductive age due to pregnancy-related causes in the four previously mentioned provinces. _12_Studies__Rating_of_Maternal_Mortality.pdf
    01 Jun 01 AMI Health Messenger Magazine - STI's Health Messenger Magazine is published by AMI in English and Khmer. Issue 10 was published in June 2001 and offers 62 pages of information on STI's. For a copy of this issue, contact hmess@bigpond.com.kh. Health_Msgr_Magazine_-_STIs.pdf
    26 Oct 01 Ines Mecalf RACHA's TBA Project TBAs in the community are well placed to provide advice and basic health education. If they receive training to enhance their practices and encourage referrals to government health facilities, it will have a positive impact on the reproductive health situation in their home communities.

    The argument is frequently made these days that training and support of TBAs has not reduced maternal mortality rates worldwide. However, it is possible to determine some TBA outputs on a smaller scale, such as monitoring the number of appropriate referrals and the number of deliveries that TBAs perform in collaboration with a trained midwife. The latter will shed light on the level of community links between TBAs and government health facilities.
    TBA_project_summary__1_.pdf
    26 Oct 01 RACHA (Safe Motherhood RACHA's TBA Project (Khmer) TBAs in the community are well placed to provide advice and basic health education. If they receive training to enhance their practices and encourage referrals to government health facilities, it will have a positive impact on the reproductive health situation in their home communities.

    The argument is frequently made these days that training and support of TBAs has not reduced maternal mortality rates worldwide. However, it is possible to determine some TBA outputs on a smaller scale, such as monitoring
    the number of appropriate referrals and the number of deliveries that TBAs perform in collaboration with a trained midwife. The latter will shed light on the level of community links between TBAs and government health facilities.
    TBA_project-_Khmer.pdf
    Jan 2003 MOH/NCHP/AUSAID AUSAID Breast Self-exam leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer containing information about the importance of and methods for breast self-examinations. AUSAID_Breast_self-exam_leaflet.pdf
    Jan 2003 USAID and Measure DHS Fertility Preferences - A Seminar Presentation A seminar presentation on fertility preferences including:
    - Desire for more children; and
    - Ideal number and fertility planning
    fertilityprefe.ppt
    Jan 2003 USAID and Measure DHS Abortion - A Seminar Presentation A seminar presentation on abortion including:
    - Practice and prevalence
    - Duration and procedure
    - Place and practitioner
    abortionpractice.ppt
    Jan 2003 USAID and Measure DHS Infant Feeding & Childhood and Maternal Nutrition - A Seminar Presentation A seminar presentation on infant feeding & childhood and maternal nutrition including:
    - Breastfeeding and supplementation
    - Nutritional Status of Children
    - Nutritional Status of Women
    - Micronutrient Status
    M_Cnutrition.ppt
    01 Aug 08 Joanne Hemmings and Ben Rolfe Abortion in Cambodia: Care seeking for abortion and family planning services This study was conducted to learn about current perceptions, attitudes and behaviours relating
    to abortion and family planning among women in an inner city area of Phnom Penh
    and a village in Kandal Province, Cambodia. Findings will inform the development of a maternal
    mortality reduction project. Using the PEER method, local women developed their
    own research questions, interviewed their friends, and fed back findings to the research
    team. They collected detailed qualitative data on attitudes to abortion and family planning,
    the social context in which women experience these services, and factors influencing
    method and provider choice.
    peer_abortion_cambodia.pdf
    Saving For Change
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    04 Feb 11 RACHA SAVING FOR CHANGE (SfC) BASELINE ASSESSMENT IN BANTEAY MEANCHEY
    AND PREAH VIHEAR PROVINCES
    With the wide income disparity between the haves and have-nots in Cambodia, most rural dwellers are unfortunately situated at the strata where access to financial resources from banks and other formal financial services to leverage financial dearth is almost impossible. The poorest of the poor generally lacks education and have neither stable income nor possessions to secure their borrowings, hence, they remain deprived of any means to edge their way to ameliorate life. Saving for Change (SfC) is a new intervention to help these piteous groups heave themselves from the quagmire of perpetual impoverishment. SfC BASELINE ASSESSMENT IN BMC.pdf
    TB Malaria Dengue
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    05 Apr 00 World Health Organization (WHO) Scientific Working Group On Dengue In recent decades, dengue has grown dramatically as a health, environmental and eco-nomic problem. However, the resources needed to cope - material, human and research - have not kept pace. In the coming 10 years, the environmental and social determinants of dengue transmission risks will continue to expand: another billion people will be added to the world population, the process of urbanization will intensify, and changes in global climate and local weather patterns are expected. In order to deal with the in-creasing threat of dengue, the Scientific Working Group (SWG) recommended that a multi-pronged approach be adopted which takes into account these changing social and environmental conditions. dengue-swg.pdf
    01 Dec 00 Ministry of Health Tuberculosis in Cambodia: A Ministry of Health Report for Year 2000 Cambodia is among the 22 countries in the world with a high burden of tuberculosis. The Ministry of Health of the Kingdom of Cambodia has given the highest priority to the control of communicable diseases in the country in which the National Tuberculosis Programme (NTP) is ranked as one of the most important.

    This is a Ministry of Health report on Tuberculosis program for year 2000.
    COD-033.pdf
    22 Mar 00 Dr. Khloeung Phally
    National center for Tuberculosis and Leprosy control Ministry of Health
    DOTS Expansion in Cambodia 7th Annual TB Conference 21-21 March 2002 A DOTS Expansion reports at the 7th Annual TB Conference 21-21 March 2002. COD-018F.pdf
    09 Mar 02 CAMBODIA COORDINATING COMMITTEE (CCC)FOR THE GLOBAL FUND TO FIGHT AIDS, TB, AND MALARIA Country Coordinated Proposal (CCP) for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, TB and Malaria - Supportive Documents for Tuberculosis Program The main goal of National Tuberculosis Program (NTP) in Cambodia is to contribute to improving the health of the Cambodian people in order to contribute to socio-economic development and poverty reduction in Cambodia by reducing the morbidity and the mortality rates, due to tuberculosis. The major objectives of the NTP are to ensure equity and access to TB services and to maintain a high cure rate of more than 85% and a high case detection rate of at least 70% by the end of 2005. COD-034.pdf
    Jan 2003 MOH/NCHP/AUSAID AUSAID Tuberculosis leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer containing information about transmission of tuberculosis, Tb signs and symptoms, and Tb testing. AUSAID_Tuberculosis_leaflet.pdf
    01 Apr 00 AMI Health Messenger Magazine - Tuberculosis Health Messenger Magazine is published by AMI in English and Khmer. Issue 5 was published in April 2000 and offers 72 pages of information on tuberculosis. For a copy of this issue, contact hmess@bigpond.com.kh. Health_Msgr_Magazine_-_Tb.pdf
    11 Jul 02 Kong Kimsan MD, PUHP Community Based DOT(S) Summary of workshop on 21st June 2002,Feed back from NGOs,Experiences from community survey
    COD-028F_Community_Based_DOT(S).ppt
    01 07 04 Presented by Ros Seyha DRU 037 Community Drug Use Pratice in malaria part 2 National Malaria Centre of Cambodia
    Rational Pharmaceutical Management Plus Program
    World Health Organization
    European Commission Cambodian Malaria Control Programme
    Wellcome Trust Mahidol Oxford Trop. Med. Research Programme
    DRU_037_Community_Drug_Use_Pratice_in_malaria_part_2.ppt
    29 Dec 03 Ros Seyha Community drug use practices in malaria in Cambodia (1)Poor prescribing practices were demonstrated by providers in all settings, partly due to gaps in knowledge
    Knowledge gaps included correct choice of drugs duration frequency dose .
    (2) Prescribers widely recommended artesunate and quinine monotherapy for short durations (< 7 days)
    Ineffective for ensuring treatment and may, theoretically, encourage drug resistance.
    Polypharmacy with unnecessary or potentially dangerous drugs was common, especially in villages
    Inappropriate use of injections and infusions increases risks and costs
    (3)Government facilities had gaps
    between government guidelines and
    staff recommendations,particularly for severe malaria.
    Explanation for the inconsistency between reported and actual behaviors may require additional study



    DRU_037_Community_Drug_Use_Pratice_in_malaria_part_2.ppt
    29 Dec 03 Boukheng Thavrin
    Community drug use practices in malaria in Cambodia 1 Persons with fever seek treatment within 3 days of symptoms
    The majority of persons with fever seek private medical treatment
    Village providers are an important source of treatment recommendations
    When treatment is unsuccessful, patients seek care in the public sector
    DRU_037_Community_drug_use_pratice_in_malaria.ppt
    Tetanus related to child health
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    Jan 2003 MOH/UNICEF UNICEF Tetanus leaflet A 6-panel leaflet in Khmer containing information about the dangers of infant tetanus, the importance of antenatal tetanus injections, and the importance of newborn cord care. UNICEF_Tetanus_leaflet.pdf
    The private sector
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    01 May 98 RACHA - Caterine Fort, Betty Butler Ravenholt, Harriet Stanly Private Sector Assessment Report - May 1998 In Cambodia, as in most other countries of the world, preventive health services are considered to be the prime responsibility of government, and the vast majority of preventive health services are provided by the public sector. However, the private sector is playing an increasingly important role in health service provision in the country. After having been decimated in the 1970s and 80s, the private health care sector in Cambodia is flourishing. Private hospitals, clinics and drug stores open daily, and many (if not most) health care providers in the public sector have a private practice in operation during their off-duty hours. Pharmaceutical companies are developing their distribution systems and sales outlets, and access to a large variety of over-the-counter and prescription drugs are widely available. The availability of health services in the private sector has remarkably improved, thus giving health care consumers more choice and relieving the public sector of the burden of being the sole provider of health care in the country. In addition, the quality of health care services provided by the private sector is typically better than those provided by the public, although the cost of these services can be high to many consumers. Moreover, the private health care sector has grown so fast that legal and regulatory systems -- laws as well as enforcement mechanisms -- needed to assure quality standards and protect the health care consumer have not kept pace. As a result, there are large variations in practice quality standards; the right kinds of services and treatment options are not always available (with a preference given to the more profitable curative rather than preventive services); medications are overprescribed or dispensed without medical supervision; and the smuggling of pharmaceutical and other medical products continues to be a problem. PrivateSector.pdf
    WATER AND SANITATION
    DATE AUTHOR TITLE SUMMARY FILE
    30 Aug 10 RACHA Team WATER AND SANITATION BASELINE SURVEY in Chong Khneas, Siem Reap Province, Cambodia Poor sanitation , lack of access to clean water and high burden of disease are chronic health problems besetting most of the poor communities in remote areas of Cambodia. A large number of households floating in Tonle Sap Lake appeared to be more vulnerable. Majority of them depend heavily on the river as their source of water for domestic use and also as dumping site for their household wastes. The high incidence of diseases associated with contaminated water and poor hygiene is alarming. It gives an urgent call for the much needed combined water and sanitation intervention to reduce the health risks that endanger the lives of poor adults and children in these floating communities. WATER AND SANITATION BASELINE SURVEY.pdf
    04 Feb 11 RACHA WATER AND SANITATION CONDITION IN PURSAT PROVINCE, CAMBODIA Basis for constructing a large-scale Biotech Water Filtration System (BWFS)
    Lack of clean water is a chronic problem particularly in rural areas of Cambodia. Although, the country is richly endowed with natural lakes and rivers, access to clean water for drinking especially during flooding season is very limited. Water, sanitation and health are intimately entwined issues. The high prevalence of diseases associated with contaminated water and poor hygiene is appalling which gives a ring of urgency for the much needed water filtration system and community awareness raising on water and sanitation to reduce the burden of water-borne diseases that endanger the lives of Cambodian adults and children.
    WATER AND SANITATION CONDITION IN PURSAT.pdf
    Footer